The Robert Louis Stevenson Archive



Music and musical settings

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More information from:
the British Song Database
the Lied and Art Song Page

Stephen Banfield Sensibility and English Song

Claudia K. Bissett, Music at the MacDowell Colony: A study and descriptive catalog of the Colony composers’ works in the Savidge Memorial Library (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1999), 263, 397 (information on Diller and Weigl).

Musical settings of poems | Derivative works: operas and musicals | Derivative works: songs | Instrumental music | Stevenson’s music


1) Musical settings of poems

a) from A Child’s Garden of Verses

Alkauskas, Giedrius (1999, revised 2013). Six songs from ‘A Child’s Garden of Music’ for mezzo-soprano, piano and trumpet. To be included on a CD Enchanted Time (April 2014) along with ‘If sailor tales...’ (‘To the Hesitating Purchaser’).
Samples available on YouTube.

Anon. (188-). ‘My Ship and I’ (‘O its I that am the captain of a tidy little ship’). ‘On p. 1, in an unknown hand, there are 4 braces of music of 3 staves each – score for voice and piano’ P. 2 first stanza with variant words set to a different tune. On p. 2 there are 4 staves of music incl. one partially crossed out. Beinecke McKay 6616
[prob. produced in the Stevenson family].

Seymour Barab [b. 1921]. ‘A Child’s Garden of Verses’ for voice and piano. 2 vols. Boosey and Hawkes. Recorded in 1953 by Russell Oberlin on Counterpoint CPT 539 [LP] and in 2010 on remastered CD by Essential Media Group (ASIN: B0036VNVKG)
[Vol. 1: Where Go the Boats?, Introduction and Marching Song, At the Sea-Side, The Moon, The Swing, Windy Nights, Foreign Lands, From A Railway Carriage, A Good Boy, The Land of Nod, The Cow, Time to Rise; Vol. 2: Pirate story, Autumn fires, The sun’s travel, Foreign children, The wind, Young night-thought, My shadow, Singing, Fairy bread, Bed in summer, Picture-books in winter, Farewell to the farm]

Bartlett, Homer N.: See ‘Various Composers. The Stevenson Song Book’.

Berky, Carl (1952). ‘Northwest Passage: Three Songs for Voice and Piano’: 1. Good Night, 2. Shadow March, 3. In Port. First Performance: Bally Music Studio, Carol Ann Swinehart, soprano, Carl Berky, piano.

Blake, Howard (1993). ‘The Land of Counterpane’, op. 451.
[First Performance:
Usher Hall Edinburgh with David Rintoul and the choir and orchestra of Mary Erskine School conducted by Helen Mitchell 25th March 1995. For boy speaker (RLS as a boy), Male speaker (RLS as a man), children’s chorus,
6 woodwind players, 2 percussionists, 1 keyboard player and strings.]

Prologue: ‘The Land of Counterpane’ (RLS as a boy speaks over the orchestral prologue), 1: ‘Windy Nights’, 2: ‘Singing’, 3: ‘Where go the boats?’, 4: ‘Marching Song’, 5: ‘From a Railway Carriage’, 6: ‘Night and Day’, 7: ‘The Swing’, 8: ‘Young Night Thought’, 9: ‘Looking-glass River’, 10: ‘The Land of Counterpane’, Epilogue: ‘To any reader’ (spoken as if by Stevenson himself in his mid-thirties)

http://www.howardblake.com/music/Choral/Childrens-Chorus-Orchestra/684/THE-LAND-OF-COUNTERPANE.htm

 [The work is considered by Blake among his best compositions. It was commissioned by the Mary Erskine School, Edinburgh for their tri-centenary. An animated film was later planned to accompany the music, a script was written and Pat Gavin produced drawings but then The Scottish Film Board pulled out and BBC2 and BBC Enterprises followed them. To be performed 24th March 2007 by the Mary Erskine Choir & Scottish Chamber Orchestra, conducted by the composer at the Usher Hall, Edinburgh, during which a recording will be made. ‘A CD will initially be made available through the Edinburgh school [Erskine Stewart’s Melville Schools], but all parties hope it will eventually find its way into full commercial distribution. It is to be launched in September [2007], when the same forces give another live performance to mark the opening of the school’s new £3.5 million Performing Arts Centre.’]

Butterworth, George (1885-1916) (1912). ‘In the Highlands ‘. (undated) ‘I will make you brooches’ (in Folk Songs from Sussex and Other Songs).

Carmichael, Mary Grant (1850/1-1935). Child's Garden of Verses: 12 Songs for Children. The Words by R. L. Stevenson (1889). s.l.: s.n. (Kindergarten Series No. 1).

Carpenter, Gary (2014). The Lamplighter: Four songs for children’s choir and piano or orchestra (Camden Music).
[The Lamplighter, Escape At Bedtime, Marching Song (Young Night Thought), The Moon (& Coda - Time To Rise)]

Chadwick, C.W.: See ‘Various Composers. The Stevenson Song Book’.

Tom Clelland and others (2009). From a Garden of Songs. Modestine Music. WH005.
[Produced by Tom Clelland and Kris Koren: with settings principally by Tom Clelland and Robin Laing, and single songs by Davie Scott, Don Dougal, John Malcolm, and Duncan McCrone. The music is played by the composers and friends, a good sampler of the Scottish folk scene.
The CD also includes Wendy Weatherby’s arrangement (for cello, fiddle, harp and penny whistle) of Stevenson’s “Aberlady Links” and is accompanied by a 28-page colour booklet of the poems with artwork by Peter Nardini. For purchasing info, see http://www.tomclelland.co.uk/ The style is basically gentle Celtic folk with voice, harp and guitars plus other string instruments (notably Wendy Weatherby’s soulful cello) and occasional North American hints (in Tom Clelland’s tracks). Davie Scott’s ‘The Land of Counterpane’ is an appropriately dreamy piece accompanied by a moody piano line; Tom Clelland’s ‘Escape at Bedtime’ has a nice ‘milling’ guitar to imitate the stars and an added clarinet to bring mystery.

Crawford, Rev. Thomas (c. 1936). Songs with Music from a Child’s Garden of Verses. London: T.C. & E.C. Jack. 12 songs, with illustrations by Margaret W. Tarrant.

Crowninshield, Ethel (1910). Robert Louis Stevenson Songs. Republished, Springfield, Mass.: Milton Bradley , 1925. Contents: Bed in Summer / Block City / Escape at Bedtime / Farewell to the Farm / Keepsake Mill / Marching Song / My Shadow / My Ship and I / My Treasures / Picture Books in Winter / Rain / Singing / Time to Rise / The Cow / The Lamplighter / The Land of Counterpane / The Land of Nod / The Unseen Playmate / Windy Nights / Young Night Thoughts.

De Koven, Reginald: See ‘Various Composers. The Stevenson Song Book’.

Diller, Angela (1877-1968): Happy as Kings: Eighteen Songs for Children, score, 24 pp.  New York: M. Witmark (ca. 1910).
[Settings of poems in A Child’s Garden of Verses. Contents: Marching song / The cow / The swing / Rain / Happy thought / Foreign children / Time to rise / Young night thought / Lamplighter / Windy nights / My shadow / Singing / My ship and I / Auntie’s skirts / Whole duty of children / Where go the boats / Looking forward / Farewell to the farm. Anglea Diller was a student of Edward MacDowell at Columbia University, New York City, and co-founder of the Dessoff Chorus in 1929.  See: History of The Dessoff Choirs.]

Dan Easley (2013). A Child’s Garden of Verses. Shake A Leg Records.
[Musical settings of the whole collection of CGV verses. Easley sings and plays all the instruments in varying instrumentation and an eclectic range of styles with traditional and folk-rock dominating.(some pieces recited in sprechstimme, others reminiscent of progressive rock). Parts troubling to the modern reader are not glossed over. The tracks can be heard in sequential streaming or can be downloaded.]

Ehrmann, Mary Bartholomew [1862-1939] (1908). The Swing’, ‘Marching, Here We Come’. In The Child’s Song Garden. Cincinnati/Chicago: W.H. Willis, 1908.

Emery, Jon (2004). A Child’s Garden of Music – Vol 1.
First CD of a 4-volume set that plans to include songs from all the 58 poems that make up Robert Louis Stevenson’s A Child’s Garden of Verses—probably the first time that the whole sequence will have been set to music. More information on this on the kids > albums section of his website at
www.jonemery.com.

Farrar, Ernest (1885-1918) ,

Foerster, Adolph Martin (1854-1927). op. 67, 1. Where go the boats?’; 2. ‘Fairy Bread’; 3. Song of Bed-time; 4. the Friendly Cow; 5. The Swing

Foote, Arthur: See ‘Various Composers. The Stevenson Song Book’.

Frilly, Ryan (?2008). A Child’s Garden of Verses. Musical suite in three movements: I. ‘Butterfly’s Ball’ (from a poem by William Roscoe), II. ‘Wynken, Blynken and Nod’ (from the poem by Eugene Field), III. ‘Summer Sun’ (from a poem by R.L. Stevenson).
[Suitable for High-school bands. The last four bars of the work are a direct reference to the Concerto for Orchestra by Bartok, staying at Saranac at the same time as Stevenson]

Frenken, Sjef (2008). Songs to Robert Louis Stevenson. Settings of 25 poems from a Child’s Garden of Verses. With John Klepko (guitar) and Lisa Lapointe (mezzo-soprano). CD. Byte-town Fyfer SF/TIC-01. http://www.byte-town.ca/news.htm
[Excellent arrangements in an educated-folk style, with quiet, occasionally Dowland-like, guitar accompaniment, that seem to suit the poems perfectly. Performances and arrangements by Klepko and Lapointe are ‘couth, kempt and shevelled’ (as Humphrey Littleton said of Miles Davis). The melodic steps of ‘Travel’ are particularly attractive. Some of these songs also available in arrangements for voice and small ensemble, grouped in four suites (mostly written in 1994). (RD, with information provided by the composer) ]

Gilchrist, W.W.: See ‘Various Composers. The Stevenson Song Book’.

Hahn, Reynaldo (1916, 1917). 5 petites chansons (Five Little Songs) pour voix soliste et piano sur des poèmes de R. L. Stevenson, adaptés en français par Maurice Léna. Paris: Heugel. In French and English versions (the two dates possibly refer to their separate publication).
The Swing, La balançoire;
Windy night, Nuit de grand vent;
My ship and I, Mon petit bateau;
The stars ; Les étoiles;
A good boy, Un bon petit garçon.
[German-Venezuelan Reynaldo Hahn (1874-1947) was one of Marcel Proust’s closest friends. He composed the Stevenson songs in 1915 while serving as a volounteer private in the First World War. Recorded in English (with other French belle époque art songs) on L'Heure Exquise. Mélodies françaises de R. Hahn, G. Enesco, E. Chausson, C. Debussy. Naïve V5022 (2005). Marie-Nicole Lemieux (contralto), Daniel Blumenthal (piano). Also recorded in English by Catherine Dune (soprano) with Stéphane Petitjean (piano) on Renaldo Hayn: Mélodies retrouvées. Maguelone MAG 111.108 (2000). ‘The most impressive song is ‘The Stars’ with its vibrant, close-textured strumming in the piano suggests a multitude of close-knit stars. The beauty of the vocal line at the climactic lines: "But the glory kept shining and bright in my eyes And the stars going round in my head" is also notable.’ (Ian Lace, http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2002/Sept02/Reynaldo_HAHN_SONGS.htm).]

Hamilton, David (2008). The Ring of Words. Choral setting of poems by R.L. Stevenson and Siegfried Sassoon. Performed by the Auckland Choral (conductor: Peter Watts), Aukland, NZ, Town Hall, Saturday 19 April 2008.

Hawley, C.B.: See ‘Various Composers. The Stevenson Song Book’.

Henderson, Philip (2005). A Child’s Garden of Verses. Some copies of the ‘composer’s demo’ of this collection of musical settings are available (£10.99, £11.99 overseas) from www.robertlouisstevenson.net

Higginson, Ian (****). ‘Picture-Books in Winter’

Hogg, David C. (1994). ‘Bed by Day’. (© David C. Hogg (1994); Voice of the Rockies, Boulder CO, USA)

Homer, Sidney [1864-1953] (1906). Three Songs from A Child's Garden of Verses Op. 16, incl. ‘Pirate Story’ and ‘Young Night Thought’, ‘Singing’

Hovhaness, Alan (1911-2000) (****). ‘The moon has a face’, op. 156.

Ireland, John [1879-1962] (1912-13). Bed in Summer / In winter I get up at night. Stainer: Complete Works for Voice & Piano V

Jacobs, Ted (1999). A Child’s Garden of Songs.  Bed In Summer / My Shadow / The Wind / Where Go The Boats? / Pirate Story / Auntie’s Skirts / Rain / Young Night Thought / The Land Of Counterpane / To My Mother / From A Railway Carriage / Block City / Foreign Lands / The Moon / The Lamplighter / To Any Reader. Recording : A Child’s Garden of Songs. Music For Little People 800-346-4445, ASIN: B00000HZEB

Jager,  Robert [b. 1939] (1973). A Child’s Garden of Verses for Soprano and Chamber Orchestra. Written for the Shenandoah University (Virginia, USA) Wind Ensemble. Performed Nov. 8 2007 at the Shenandoah Conservatory with Charlotte Aiosa, as soprano soloist.

Kelsey, Martha Sherrill (2005). ‘My Shadow’. Poetry at the Piano: Original Compositions Inspired by Favorite Poems, 3 vols. Book 1. Dayton, Ohio: Heritage Music Press (The Lorenz Corporation). 24 pp., $6.95 each.

[‘Whatever the right hand plays, the left hand “shadows” an octave lower. The phrase, “I have a little shadow that goes in and out with me” has a smooth quality, which is presented in a lyrical legato. When the words change to, “And I see him jump before me, when I jump into my bed.” Kelsey recreates the image in staccato.’

http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2493/is_2_55/ai_n15696791]

Klaper, Steve (2005). I Have a Little Shadow. A child’s garden of songs inspired by the poems of Robert Louis Stevenson.. Available from www.littleshadow.com
Tracks: The Lamplighter, Block City, Keepsake Mill, The Land of Counterpane, Bed in Summer, The Dumb Soldier, The Swing, Picture Books in Winter, Armies in the Fire, The Cow, Windy Nights, My Shadow, Looking Glass River, Singing, Rain, A Good Boy; For Robert (instrumental). A second CD contains mp3 versions of all the tracks, screen savers, lyrics, sheet music.  www.littleshadow.com  contains sample clips of all the tracks, biographies etc. and the possibility of buying the CD and copies of the illustrations by Anne Costello. Music and arrangements by Steve Klaper, vocals are by Caitlin Klaper. The accompaniments are in a light finger-picking guitar-based folk style suitable for lullabies. The accompaniments originated as Steve Klaper’s improvised accompaniments to his little daughter in the 1980s, who now sings them on this CD.

Lagan, Mandy and David Occhipinti (2008). Verses. Sung by Mandy Lagan with David Occhipinti (guitar), Andrew Downing (bass), Blair MacKay (percussion), Kevin Turcotte (trumpet), Joe Lagan (piano). CD.
[Soft jazzy arrangements (with touches of folk (Joni Mitchell), classical, Celtic, and perhaps even Bartok) of 16 poems from A Child’s Garden of Verses.]

Lehmann, Liza [1862-1918] (1900). ‘A Child's Whole Duty’, ‘Keepsake Mill’, ‘Stars’, ‘The Swing’, ‘Foreign Children’. In The Daisy-Chain. 12 songs of childhood, for voice & piano. Also published in The May Book. Macmillan. 1901.
[Three of the songs (‘Keepsake Mill’, ‘The Swing’, ‘Stars’, but not ‘A Child’s Whole Duty’ or ‘Foreign Children’)  recorded on Liza Lehmann: The Daisy Chain / Bird Songs / Four Cautionary Tales (English Song, Vol. 8). Naxos (2004) with Neal Davies, Catherine Wyn-Rogers, Steuart Bedford, Janice Watson, Toby Spence.]

McCurrie, Charles H. (1914). Little Songs from a Child’s Garden of Verses. Alameda, Cal: The Alameda Music Co. With a German translation by Addie Funk.
[The Stevenson House Collection catalogue (p. xxii, Heron Collection Box 14 Folder 16) has 1913, but 1914 is the copyright date in the Catalogue of Copyright Entries (Library of Congress Copyright Office), 1914.]

Masseus, Jan (1913 – 1999) (1974). My Kingdom, op. 47a:
1. My kingdom, 2. Rain, 3. Singing, 4. Where go the boats?, 5. Windy nights

Merchant, Nathalie (2010). 'The Land of Nod'. On Leave Your Sleep. Nonesuch.

Morawetz, Oskar (1917- ) (1984). Souvenirs from Childhood. First performed 1985, with Catherine Robbin (mezzo) and Michael McMahon (piano)
1.
From a railway carriage, 2. The Swing, 3: Escape at bedtime, 4. Foreign Children, [5. Looking-Glass River] (removed in 1987 revision)]

Recorded: Centrediscs, CMC-CD 3589. Mark Pedrotti (baritone), Stephen Ralls (piano), 1989.

Nicholls, Frederick (1910). Five songs from A child’s garden of verses by R. L. Stevenson. For low voice & piano. London : J. H. Larway.

Peel, Graham [1877-1937] (1910). ‘Where Go The Boats’.

Quilter, Roger [1877-1953} (1914). Four Child Songs, Op 5. ‘A Good Child’, ‘The Lamplighter’, ‘Where go the boats?’,  ‘Foreign Children’. The first three recorded on Songs by Roger Quilter. Hyperion, CDA66878 (1996). Malcolm Martineau (piano), John Mark Ainsley (tenor).

R.A.M. Kindertheater (Mark Roberts and Manuela Hörr, with Koko Lana Hörr and Joey Midori Hörr) (2013). Kirschbaumtage / Cherry Tree Days.
[Child’s Garden of Verses poems set to music (in an impressive eclectic range of rhythmic, playful, good-time styles: calypso, country, swing, singer/songwriter, pop, blues...), in English and German.]

Radner, Marvin (ill. Bertram Glover) (1923). Twenty Six Songs to the Robert Louis Stevenson ‘Child’s Garden of Verse’. ***: ***

Rakowski, David (19**). ‘Windy Nights’. [Recorded on AMR20031020 - Extraordinary Vistas]

Ramsay, Katharine M. (1897). Song Flowers from ‘A Child’s Garden of Verses’ . ***: *** [illust]

Rinker, Alton (1966). ‘From a Railway Carriage’. New York: MCA Music.
[This seems to be from a larger collection From a Child’s Garden of Verses (performed by an Arizona choir on 25th March http://www.azstarnet.com/accent/230612). The University of Arizona School of Music has MSS for the following under the title ‘Children’s Songs, n.d.’: The Land of Counterpane, The Land of Nod, Marching Song, The Moon, My Shadow, The Swing, Where go the Boats?, and The Wind.]

Simon, Lucy and Carly Simon (1969). The Simon Sisters Sing The Lobster Quadrille and Other Songs for Children. Columbia. Reissued 1973 (by CBS) and 2008 (a CD by Shout Factory) as The Simon Sisters Sing Songs for Children.
[Includes Stevenson’s ‘The Lamplighter’. This is the last album by the sisters before Carly became a solo singer/songwriter (‘You’re So Vain’, 1972). Folksy and light folk-rock duets redolent of the coffeehouse folk era, with a solo from Carly Simon on Burns’s ‘My Love is Like a Red, Red Rose’.]

Stanford, Charles Villiers (1852-1924) (1892). A Child’s Garland of Songs; gathered from ‘A Child’s Garden of Verses’ by Robert Louis Stevenson. Op. 30. Longmans, Green & Co 1892. Voice and piano.
1. Bed in summer; 2. Pirate story; 3. Foreign lands; 4. Windy nights; 5. Where go the boats; 6. My shadow; 7. Marching song; 8. Foreign children; 9. My ship and me. [Windy Nights has been recorded on Stanford Songs 2, Stephen Varcoe baritone, Clifford Benson piano, Compact Disc Hyperion CDA67124. Pirate Story also exists in a 2-part song setting of 1914.]

Swepstone, Edith (1897). Robert Louis Stevenson’s Songs for Children. First Series. Illustrations by Mildred Emra. London/Germantown. Philadelphia: J. Curwen & Sons
[Windy nights, My shadow, The swing, My bed is a boat, The Land of Nod, The Land of Counterpane, Nest-eggs, Shadow march]

Swepstone, Edith (1910). Robert Louis Stevenson’s Songs for Children. . London: J. Curwen & Sons
[At the sea side, My ship and I, The wind, The sun's travels, The caravan, The mill]

Thiman, Eric (1900-1975). Where Go The Boats?: Dark brown is the river, golden is the sand: it flows along for ever with trees on either hand (©1925). In Thiman Thirteen Songs. ***: Stainer:

Turnbull, Percy (1902-1976). Moon, The (First Version): The moon has a face like the clock in the hall (1924). Thames: Songs: Volume 2.

Turnbull, Percy (1902-1976). Moon, The (Second Version): The moon has a face like the clock in the hall (1936-41?). Thames: Songs: Volume 2.

Turnbull, Percy (1902-1976). My Bed is a Boat: My bed is like a little boat; nurse helps me in when I embark (1928). Thames: Turnbull Songs-Volume I.

Various composers (1909). The Stevenson Song Book. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. [also (1915). New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons. Ill. by Margaret Armstrong]. All the songs are from A Child’s Garden of Verses:

De Koven, Reginald: ‘The Swing’, ‘The Wind’;
C. Villiers Stanford: ‘My Shadow’, ‘Pirate Story’, ‘Bed In Summer’, ‘Where Go The Boats?’, ‘Foreign Lands’, ‘Foreign Children’, ‘My Ship And I’, ‘Marching Song’, ‘Windy Nights’;
W.W.Gilchrist: ‘My Bed Is A Boat’, ‘The Land Of Nod’;
Homer N. Barlett: ‘A Good Boy’, ‘The Land Of Story-Books’;
C.B. Hawley: ‘Singing’;
Arthur Foote: ‘The Sun’s Travels’, ‘Young Night Thought’;
G.W. Chadwick: ‘The Land Of Counterpane’, ‘Farewell To The Farm’.

Weigl, Vally [Valerie] (1889-1982): The Nightwind, words by Robert Louis Stevenson, for mixed chorus (SATB), unaccompanied, score, 5pp. New York: Merrymount Music (ca. 1956).  Publisher’s no. MC 261. [Vally Weigl was the wife of composer Karl Weigl]

White, Robin le Rougetel (1908-1979). Where Shall we Adventure? (Through the day of a Victorian boy) (©1992). Banks Music Publications.
1: Fairy Bread: Come up here, o dusty feet!
2: Singing: Of speckled eggs the birdie sings
3: Pirate Story: Three of us afloat in the meadow by the swing
4: Cow, The: The friendly cow all red and white
5: Where Go The Boats: Dark brown is the river, golden is the sand
6: Bed in Summer: In winter I get up at night
7: Land of Nod: From breakfast on throughout the day

Williamson, Malcolm (b.1931). From a Child’s Garden (1968). Josef Weinberger.
1: Time To Rise: A birdie with a yellow bill
2: Marching Song: Bring the comb and play upon it!
3: Where Go The Boats?: Dark brown is the river, golden is the sand
4: Looking Forward: When I am grown to man’s estate
5: Whole Duty Of Children: A child should always say what’s true
6: Flowers, The: All the names I know from nurse
7: Rain: The rain is raining all around
8: My Bed Is A Boat: My bed is like a little boat
9: From A Railway Carriage: Faster than fairies, faster than witches
10: Lamplighter, The: My tea is nearly ready and the sun has left the sky
11: Good Boy, A: I woke before the morning, I was happy all the day
12: Happy Thought: The world is so full of a number of things

Young, Percy [1912-2004] (1941). A Child's Garden of Verses.

b) setting of other poems

Adam. ‘Sing me a Song’. Reel Cool. Melbourne Scottish Fiddle Club and Friends. (2002). Melbourne: privately-produced CD (msfc2). Information from tellingtales@hotmail.com or Judy Turner on (Australia) 03-9893 6332. [sung in Tongan by Canterbury Uniting Church Tongan Choir of Melbourne)].

Adam, Neil and Judy Turner (2012). Sing me a Song. CD
A selection of RLSʼs poems set to music.

Bantock, Sir Granville Ransome (1868-1946) (1952), 'Requiem', for two tenors and two bass a cappella.

Bedford, David (1937- ) (1980). ‘Requiem’ for soprano solo, chorus and orchestra. London: Universal Edition.

Bell, Edward (1987- ) (2005). ‘Requiem’ (R.L. Stevenson and Latin mass) for voice and piano.

Berky, Carl (1955). ‘Songs From the Underwoods: Six Songs for Voice and Piano’: 1. Souvenir: Youth Now Flees, 2. Dirge: A Visit from the Sea, 3. Lament: The Sick Child, 4. Elegy: Dear Friend, 5. Reminiscence: A Lover of the Moorland, 6. Requiem: Under the Starry Sky. 19 min. First Performance: Schwenksville Lutheran Church: Carol Ann Swinehart, soprano Carl Berky, piano

[The two Stevenson song-cycles by Carl Berky (see also ‘Child’s garden of Verses’) have been recorded along with two other cycles by the same composer on Songs of Childhood and Nostalgia (CRS LP 724,  1975) with Judith Malis, soprano; Carl Berky, piano. The LP can be ordered from: http://mysite.verizon.net/vzeeewvp/contemporaryrecordsociety/id33.html

Billingham, Kathleen (1940). 'Requiem', for voice and piano. From Two songs

Bissell, Keith Warren (1912-) (1967). 'Requiem', for two sopranos and alto a cappella (1971, with piano accompaniment).

Boshkoff, Ruth (1993). ‘I Will Bring [sic] You Brooches’ for unison voices, soprano recorder (or flute) and piano. Boosey & Hawkes OCTB6740.

Breil, Joseph Carl [1870-1926] (1909). 'The Vagabond'. MS Houghton Library, Harvard (with note on p. 1 'copyright 1909, Jerome H. Remick & Co.')

Bury, Winifred. I Will Make You Brooches and toys for your delight, of birdsong at morning and starshine at night (©1936). Harris: Toronto Royal Conservatory of Music Songbook 5 2nd Series

Butterworth, George (1885-1916). ‘I Will Make You Brooches’.

Carpenter, John Alden (1876-1951) (****). ‘The Cock Shall Crow’

Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel (1875-1912). "Once Only" and "She rested by the Broken Brook" (1906) [both poems are from Songs of Travel and are otherwise known as ‘Youth and Love - I’ and ‘The Unforgotten II’]

Collingwood, Lawrance Arthur (1887-1982) (1928). ‘Requiem’, for soprano, alto, tenor, bass chorus or 2 tenor, 2 bass chorus a cappella

Collon, Nicholas (2006). ‘I will make you brooches and toys for your delight’ for six male voices and flute.

[Collon is co-founder and Musical Director of the close harmony group Cappella Artois, for whom this piece was written on the occasion of his sister’s wedding. Publication is not envisaged at present, but the piece will probably be performed again by the Cappella Artois]

Davies, Sir Henry Walford (1869-1941) (1931). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano. From Twenty-one songs.

Edmonds, Paul N. (1873-) (1920). ‘Requiem’, for 2 soprano, alto chorus and piano

Fairchild, Blair (1877-1933). ‘Requiem’, for medium voice and piano

Farrar, Ernest (1885 - 1918). ‘The Roadside Fire’ (a setting of ‘I Will Make You Brooches’), in the song cycle Vagabond Songs, op. 10 (which also includes Arthur Symonds’ ‘The Wanderer’s Song’ and D.G. Rossetti’s ‘Silent Noon’). Vagabond Songs has been recorded on the Hyperion double CD War’s Embers (CDD22026).

Finzi, Gerald (1901-1956). ***

Foote, Arthur (1853-1937) (1907). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano

Foulds, ***. ***

Fraser, Shena Eleanor (1910-1993) (1950). ‘Requiem’, for 2 soprano, alto chorus a cappella

Gibbs, C. Armstrong (1889-1960). In the Highlands, in the country places, where the old plain men have rosy faces (©1928). Curwen

Gilbert, Henry Franklin Belknap (1868-1928) (****). ‘Pirate song’ [‘Fiflteen men on a dead man’s chest’]

Grinnell, Edmund (1940). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano

Gurney, Ivor (1890 -1937). ***

Henderson, Philip (2012). ʻEvensongʼ and ʻRequiemʼ (for unaccompanied mixed choir).
[Streaming audio recording of both pieces available at goodmusicpublishing.co.uk, 'Requiem' also available on YouTube. These are part of a larger collection of setting of RLS poems and a CD is planned for autumn 2013 with all the pieces sung by The Clothworkers Consort (Leeds University).]

Homer, Sidney (1864-1953) (1904). Six Songs from Underwoods Op. 15 (R.L. Stevenson, 1902-1903) incl. ‘Sing me a song of a lad that is gone No. 1’, ‘Requiem’, ‘The Unforgotten’, ‘The Stormy Evening’, ‘The Country of the Camisards’ and ‘Evensong’. New York: G. Schirmer, 1904.

Hundley, Richard (1931- ) (****). ‘For Your Delight’ [‘I will make you brooches…]; ‘When children are playing alone on the green’.

Ives, Charles (1874-1954) (written 1911, published 1935). ‘Requiem’. In Eighteen [recte 19] Songs. San Francisco: New Music, vol. 9 (1) (Oct 1935), pp. 9-10. Copyright assigned 1962 to Merion Music.

Jeffreys, John (b.1927). I Will Make You Brooches and toys for your delight, of birdsong at morning and starshine at night. In Second Book of Songs. ***: Roberton Publications; Romance: I will make you brooches and toys for your delight (1962). Roberton: Book of Songs

Kalmanoff, Martin (1920-2007) (1970), ‘Under the wide and starry sky’, for 2 tenor, 2 bass chorus and piano

King, Eleanor R. (1894). ‘It’s owercome sooth’. [On Jan 8 1894, Chatto granted King permission to to set ‘It’s owercome sooth’ to music (copy of Chatto record, R.L.S Stevenson, Uncatalogued MS Vault 805, Beinecke’s Collector’s Files Box 1, Folder Ci). Not known if the song was written or published]

Kountz, Richard (1896-1950) (1949), ‘Under the wide and starry sky’, for unaccompanied voice or 2 tenor, 2 bass chorus a cappella

Lander, Cyril Bertram (1950s). ‘Requiem’, for high voice and piano. From Flores de mi primavera

Leavitt, John (2006). Five Travel Songs, arrangements of five poems by Robert Louis Stevenson (including ‘Wither Must I Wander’ for choir and alto). Performed by The Schola Cantorum, First Presbyterian Church, Fort Worth, USA 7 May 2006.

Lehmann, Liza (1862-1918). 1: ‘I Will Make You Brooches and toys for your delight of birdsong at morning and starshine at night’ (1901). Stainer: Songs 1860-1900.

Leonard-Morgan, Paul (2007?). ‘Prayer from Vailima’ for single soprano voice. Performed by Edinburgh University Chamber Choir in Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh, March 2007.

Loftus, Cecilia (Cissie) (1923). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano

Lovenstein, Jonathan (1952- ). ‘Requiem’.

Macdonald, Alastair. ‘The Vagabond’.

Recording: Shedden, John (readings), Wally Allan (songs), & Neil Wilkie (script). Souvenirs of Modestine

MacLean, E. (1908). ‘Sing Me a Song of a Lad that is Gone’. Etudes Music Magazine (March 1908). See http://www.parlorsongs.org/issues/2001-5/thismonth/feature.asp or search http://www.parlorsongs.org/. [A polished and romantic version of the ‘Skye Boat Song’.]

Manton, Robert (19**). ‘Bright is the Ring of Words’ for four-part chorus and pianoforte. [unpublished; copies in University of New Hampshire Library, Robert Manton Papers].

Moore, Ben (1960-). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano. From Eight Songs, no. 2.

More, T, (1940). ‘Requiem’

Naylor, Peter Russell (1933-). ‘Requiem’, for tenor and piano

Osmond, Clara (1940), ‘Requiem’

Peel, (Gerald) Graham (1878-1937) (1903). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano. From Two songs

Peel, Graham (1878-1937) (1909). In The Highlands, in the country places, where the old plain men have rosy faces. Boosey: A Heritage of 20th Century British Song I

Plöckinger, Othmar (2006). ‘Requiem’. Othmar Plöckinger, Bernie Rothauer (guitar); Michael Vereno (bagpipe); Manfred Wambacher (tin whistle); Marion Ellmer, Eva Zwicker, Othmar Plöckinger (vocals).

[A folky, Celtic-style setting on a home-made CD.]

Quilter, Roger (1877-1953). Two Songs on Poems by R. L. Stevenson, opus 26 (1922). Masters Music Publications, Inc.
1: In The Highlands, in the country places, where the old plain men have rosy faces
2: Over The Land Is April, over my heart a rose; over the high, brown mountain the sound of singing goes

Rathaus, Karol (1895-1954) (1955). ‘Requiem’, for soprano, alto, tenor, bass chorus and piano

Rogers, James Hotchkiss (1857-1940) (1940). ‘Requiem’. From In Memoriam

Rorem, Ned (1923-) (1950). ‘Requiem’, for medium voice and piano

Salkeld, Robert (1920-2011). The Vagabond for Baritone and piano (1938).
Composer's MS at Cambridge University Library, U.K.

Santore, Jonathan (2005). ‘The Country of the Camisards’. In The Return, for SATB chorus and piano.

Santore, Jonathan (2006). ‘A Song of the Road’. In A Song of the Road, for SATB chorus, trumpet, and piano four hands.

Santore, Jonathan (2006). ‘My Wife’ for tenor and piano.

Scott, Cyril Meir (1879-1970) (1917). ‘Requiem’, for high voice or medium voice and piano

Scott, Marion (1877-1953). ***

Shank, William (1927). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano

Skilton, Charles Sanford [1868 –1941] (1932). Ticonderoga, cantata, (R L Stevenson) male chorus, orchestra, 1932.  [First performance by the University of Kansas Glee Club and Orchestra at Lawrence, Kansas, May 10, 1933, under Donald M. Swarthout.]

Somervell, Arthur (1863 - 1937). ***

Speaks, Oley (1874-1948) (1940). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano

Stevenson, Ronald (1928-) (1964). ‘Requiem’ for medium voice and piano. From Four Robert Louis Stevenson Songs

Stevenson, Ronald (1996). Hills of Home: song cycle for baritone and piano. Edinburgh : The Ronald Stevenson Society.

Sting [Gordon Matthew Sumner] and Mary McMaster (2009). ‘Christmas at Sea’. On If on a Winter’s Night… Deutsche Gramophon. UPC: 602527017433.
[Sting: ‘A poem I learnt at school at that I’ve never forgotten’. Mary McMaster plays Celtic harp and sings in counterpoint part of the Gaelic women’s worksong ‘Thograinn thograinn’]

The Swingle Singers (early 1980s). ʻRomanceʼ [ʻI Will Make You Broochesʼ].

Targett-Adams, Katie (2006). ‘I will make you brooches and toys for your delight’. For soprano and harp.

[Katie Targett-Adams accompanies herself on the clarsach (Scottish harp) in an eclectic repertory of Scottish folk songs, modern standards, settings of Scottish poems and her own compositions. ‘Brooches’ is included in her fourth CD Hush Hush (2007). It is also on an album for the Chinese market called The Sound of Scotland  (Information from Andrea Morris).]

Thompson, E. Roy (1920). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano

Vaughan Williams, Ralph (1872-1958). Songs of Travel (1902, 1905, 1907). Boosey. [Michael Kennedy calls this early work of VW an "English Winterreise"; No. 7 composed 1894, pub. 1902; No. 9 found among the composer’s papers after his death; the others pub. in two sets of 3 and 4 items in 1905 and 1907]
1: Vagabond, The: Give to me the life I love, let the lave go by me
2: Let Beauty Awake in the morn from beautiful dreams
3: Roadside Fire, The: I will make you brooches and toys for your delight
4: Youth and Love: To the heart of youth the world is a highway side
5: In Dreams unhappy, I behold you stand as heretofore
6: Infinite Shining Heavens, The: rose, and I saw in the night
7: Whither Must I Wander?: Home no more home to me, whither must I wander?
8: Bright is the Ring of Words when the right man rings them
9: I Have Trod The Upward And The Downward Slope; I have endured and done in days before

Recordings:
• John Shirley-Quirk, baritone.
Saga / Emergo Classics. SAGA EC 3339-2
• Benjamin Luxon, baritone; David Willison, piano.
Chandos CHAN 8475
• Bryn Terfel (Malcolm Martineau, piano), The Vagabond, Deutsche Grammophon CD 445 946-2

• Gerald Finley, baritone; Stephen Ralls, piano. Songs of Travel. CBS, 1996.

‘Whither Shall I Wander’. Sung and played by Martha Wainwright on Martha Wainwright. Zoe Records B0007VZ9EE, 2005

Roderick Williams, baritone; Iain Burnside, piano (2005). Vaughan Williams - Songs of Travel. Naxos CD B000B6N6A4

David John Pike, baritone, and Isabelle Trüb, piano (2012). Whither must I wander? English songs by Ralph Vaughan Williams, Gerald Finzi, Roger Quilter. Perivale. UK: Signum Classics (SIGCD314)

Warlock, Peter (1894-1930) (1918). ‘Bright Is The Ring Of Words when the right man rings them’. (1919) ‘Romance’ (‘I will make you brooches’).

Whyte, Ernest (1858-1922). ‘Requiem’ op. 71 no. 1.

Woodman, Raymond Huntington (1861-1943) (1932). ‘Requiem’, for voice and piano. In Music of Many Lands and Peoples

Zaccaro, Luke (1980- ) (2004). ‘Requiem’ for choir (with or without keyboard).

2a) Derivative works: operas and musicals

Bernhoft, Alan (1990). The Jekyll and Hyde Rock ‘n’ Roll Musical (performed (1990) at the ‘FM Station’ club, North Hollywood). Made into a film in 2003 (see Films).

Bingham, Judith (2009). Shadow Aspect. For organ, timpani, choir and baritone soloist. World première by Edinburgh Royal Choral Union (conductor Michael Bawtree ) with Julian Tovey (baritone), Usher Hall 3 October 2009. Commissioned ERCU, Scotland’s oldest choir, to celebrate its 150th anniversary. Bingham uses poems, texts (a nightmare described in ‘A Chapter on Dreams’, Instructions to the Bell Rock Light Keepers of 1823) and meditations from RLS’s life and focuses on his dark side but ends ‘in blaze of light’.

Bricusse, Leslie (book, lyrics) & Frank Wildhorn (music) Jekyll & Hyde (1990) [Wildhorn had had written some of the music with lyrics by Steve Cuden as early as 1980; the Bricusse-Wildhorn dark pop opera/musical spectacle was first performed at the Alley Theatre, Houston, 1990 with Chuck Wagner (J/H) and Linda Eder (Lucy), and was followed by a concept album in the same year; 1993 workshop performance in New York; 1995 national tour; Plymouth Theatre, Broadway April 1997 till January 2001; many productions worldwide: Spanish version, Madrid from Sept. 2000; German version, Vienna from 29 Sept. 2001; from 2006 many performances following its release for amateur performance: the Miami Children’s Theater, Dave and Mary Alper Jewish Community Center, Kendall, Florida, February 2006; Thomaston Opera House, Connecticut, February-March 2006 etc.]

Illustrated score: Leslie Bricusse & Frank Wildhorn (1997). Jekyll & Hyde : the Musical. Port Chester: Cherry Lane Music Company (1575600714).

Albums: 1990 (‘concept album, with Colm Wilkinson [J/H], Linda Eder [Lisa and Lucy], 1994 (‘complete album’ of the entire score with Anthony Warlow [J/H], Linda Eder [Lucy], Carolee Carmello [Lisa]), 1997 (‘Broadway cast album’, with Robert Cuccioli), 2004 (with David Hasselhoff), 2006 (studio album with new orchestrations Jekyll and Hyde: Resurrection with Rob Evans); video 2004 (with David Hasselhoff) by Broadway Television Network (aired on HBO network in 2002 and 2003).

Bill Bryden (libretto), Robin Orr [1909-2006] (music) (1975). Hermiston. Scottish Opera, Edinburgh, August 27 1975.
[‘Hermiston belongs to that unfortunate species of opera given a poor reception because of their libretti. It begins sensationally with a hanging, and continues to include all the trappings of melodrama: rape, murder, mad scene, death from heart attack, suicide. The musical drama doesn't work like that however. The first act, for example, is a beautifully judged dramatic sequence from its savage and sustained opening choral scene to a sinister scene between father and son and a restless one between Archie and the housekeeper, which gradually opens out into a tender and enchanting scene between Archie and the housekeeper's niece. Here is that rare thing, a modern love duet which depicts first awakenings and responses unhurriedly and convincingly. The mood is eventually broken and the act ended by the arrival of Archie's boorish friend Frank.’ (Ian Kemp. ‘Robin Orr at 90: Age of Gold’, The Musical Times, Spring 1999. For more on the opera, see The Musical Times, Vol. 116, No. 1590 (Aug., 1975): 700-702.]

Crane, David and Marta Kauffman (Book and lyrics). Michael Skloff (Music) (1990). Jekyll and Hyde.  Theaterworks/USA June-July 2006 At the Promenade Theater, Broadway and 76th Street. directed by Jay Harnick (original director of the 1990 production). Also produced by the same company in River Ridge, Florida, March 2006.

[A musical about a shy, insecure high school student and amateur chemist ‘who creates a substance which changes him from a nerd into the coolest kid in school. When craving for the substance takes over his life, he decides to stop using it, cannot, and realizes that he needs help. This powerful musical examines the alarming issues of substance abuse and the critical role that self-esteem plays in the deadly drama of addiction.’ See also

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE6D7143AF932A35754C0A966958260. The basic variation on the JH story is reminiscent of I Was a Teenage Jekyll and Hyde. (Lewton & Miller, 1983) and the films The Ugly Duckling (1959), and The Nutty Professor (1963).]

Cresswell, Lyell (score) and Ron Butlin (libretto) (2005). Good Angel Bad Angel. Chamber opera for three singers and four players based on Stevenson’s ‘Markheim’. 1 hr.
(Libretto: Butlin, Ron (2008). ‘Good Angel, Bad Angel’. Journal of Stevenson Studies 5: 14-25.)

[Performed by the Hebrides Ensemble; Traverse Theatre, Edinburgh, Scotland, 20 May 2005 (then Glasgow and Peebles).
Performed by Not In My Back Yard opera (Wellington, NZ), David Lawrence (director) and Catherine Norton (musical director), with Craig Beardsworth (Markheim), Hadleigh Adams (the dealer/Visitant), Frances Moore (the dealer’s daughter) at the Gryphon Theatre, Wellington, NZ, 1, 3, 4 Apr 2008, at the Globe Theatre, Palmerston North, 6 Apr 2008; at The Opera Factory, Auckland, 11 April 2008.
‘Musically, Good Angel, Bad Angel offers approachability without compromise. The carol theme [based on the traditional Coventry Carol] and a revellers’ jig are frankly tonal; the jagged lines and metres of Moore’s first aria not so far from Bartok. Throughout, the composer extracts a full range of emotional colours from insinuating chromatic lines’. ‘Stevenson’s “intricate chorus of [clock] tickings” [is] caught in various scorings for pizzicato strings’.(William Dart, nzherarald.co.nz, http://www.nzherald.co.nz/category/story.cfm?c_id=18&objectid=10503888)]

De Pue, Wallace Earl (1974). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Opera in 13 scenes. [First performed April 25 1974, Bowling Green State University, Ohio; ms score and tape in archival storage at The MacDowell Colony, Peterborough ( New Hampshire; USA); pc of ms in New York Public Library; the story-line seems to follow Stevenson’s text quite closely (no fiancées), however: “Because Dr. Jekyll is a man of compassion and honor, the final experiment can only be tried on himself.” and Hyde murders a prostitute); Jekyll and Hyde are two different performers,  one a bass-baritone (Hyde) and tenor (Jekyll); more information and a newspaper review at http://mustec.bgsu.edu/~wallace/jekyll.html; according to De Pue, at the first performance in 1974, Hugh Ross, then director of the New York City Opera, said that it was “probably the finest contemporary opera I have yet heard.”]

Devlin, Graham (book) & Felix Cross (music and lyrics) (1996). The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, performed by the Major Road Theatre Company, dir. Graham Devlin & Felix Cross with Nicola Burnett Smith (Sarah Carew). Performed by Music Theatre Group Amsterdam, April 2004, dir. Philip Curtis with Paul Donkers (Jekyll/ Hyde) and Marleen van der Loo (Dr. Sarah Carew).

[‘Chamber musical’ with Sarah Carew, an American doctor and scientist visiting Victorian London. Sarah becomes alternately beguiled by both Jekyll and Hyde and ends by solving the mystery of their dual identity. ]

Floyd, Carlisle (1966). Markheim: Opera in One Act. London: Boosey & Hawkes. 72 mins., for soprano, two tenors and a bass.
[
World Premiere March 31 1966, at the New Orleans Opera; director: Carlisle Floyd; conductor: Knud Anderson; singers: Norman Treigle, Alan Crofoot, Audrey Schuh and William Diard. A recording of this performance is available on a CD published by Video Arts International (VAI 1107). Also performed in New York, May 31-June 1 2001, at the Center for Contemporary Opera at the Kaye Playhouse; in Cincinatti, November 14-16 2003, at the Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, in the Cohen Family Studio Theater.]

Levitt, Gene [1920-1999] (book), Peter Matz (music) & Kelly Hamilton (lyrics) (1995). Stevenson By Heart. Brigham Young University in Laie, Hawaii, June 1995, directed by Peter Matz with Scott Holmes as Robert Louis Stevenson.

[A musical drama with the same title but written and directed by Lupeautino Tafiti Fuimaono with music by Elder Alfred Morris was given an abbreviated concert performance at Vailima on 3rd December 2001 by students of the Church College of Samoa at Pesega; R.L.S. (Tusitala) played by Trevor Palupe, and Fanny (Aolele) by Tristar Nansen. The relationship between the two shows is not clear.]

Levy, David & Leslie Eberhard (Book and Lyrics), Phil Hall (Music) (1995), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde [Philip Mckinley (Director); Miami Valley Dinner Theatre, Springboro, Ohio, August 12 - November 5,1995; North Shore Music Theatre, Beverly, Massachusetts, August 5 - 24, 1996; Starlight Theatre, Kansas City, Missouri, July 21 - 27, 1997; Paper Mill Playhouse, NJ, November 4 - December 13, 1998; J and H are played by different actors; youthful Hyde; female characters, J’s fiancée Amanda Lanyon and the music-hall dancer Lily Cummins; http://www.drjekyllandmrhyde.com/index.html]

O’Neal, Barry (1980) (music) & Robin Jones (libretto) (1980). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, a romantic opera in one act. [pc of ms in New York Public Library]

Ravera, Lidia (libretto), Alessandro Sbordoni [b. 1948] (music) (2005). Jekyll. Directed by Claudio Di Palma, with Alda Caiello (Jekyll) and Opera Incanto, 20 October 2005, Teatro comunaleManini”, Narni (Italy). Broadcast on RAI Radio 3, 2 April 2006.
[Chamber opera for actor, 4 voices and 9 instruments. A female Dr Jekyll, desiring greater freedom, tests a potion to transform herself into a man, but unfortunately becomes a monster. The female voice is electronically changed for the transformation.]

Rees, Tony and Gary Young (1996). Jekyll  musical thriller, performed by the Apollo Leisure Company at the Churchill Theatre, Bromley, director Stephen Rayne with Dave Willetts (J/H). 21 march-13 April 1996, then toured to Oxford, Hull, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Sachs, Norman (music) & Leonora Thuna (book) (1968). After You, Mr Hyde. [musical; Goodspeed Opera House, East Haddam, Conn.; apparently the basis for the 1973 TV musical with Kirk Douglas; see also under 1990; M&F]

Sebastian [Knud Christensen] (music) & Preben Harris (book) (1986). Skatteøen [Treasure Island]. [musical; Sebastian is one of Denmark’s most successful songwriters]

Welsh, Louise (libretto), Stuart MacRae (music) (2016). The Devil Inside. Scottish Opera and Music Theatre Wales, première in Glasgow, January 2016 (director Matthew Richardson, conductor Michael Rafferty ). Will tour to Edinburgh and on to a further 11 locations south of the border.
[A full-length opera for four voices based on ‘The Bottle Imp’. It follows a couple, James (Ben McAteer) and Catherine (Rachel Kelly) whose lives fall apart after they achieve happiness with the contents of a supernatural bottle]

2b) Derivative works: songs that make reference to Stevenson’s works

Angelica, Ayoe (2008). ‘Dr. Jekyll’. On Dr Jekyll. Mads BB Krog. Also on I’m Amazed. Mads B B Krog (2008). [Slightly jazzy soft pop-soul fusion from Danish-Ethiopian Ayoe Angelica: ‘Your character is fading out the image I have made of you.. Dr. Jekyll what you want with me’. YouTube videoclip in Metropolis and film noir style]

Chatel, Philippe (1978) . ‘M. Hyde’, on the album Sentiments. [The female addressee, compared to Jekyll, is ‘tranquille’ but "tu ne savais pas pauvre de toi, qu’il y a du Mister Hyde en moi"; then finally realizes (too late) that "Je ne savais pas pauvre de moi, qu’il y a du Mrs Hyde en toi". Youtube]

Cosma, Vladimir (music) & Dan Kelly (words) (1979). David’s Song’. Recorded on Die Abenteuer des David Balfour (Decca, 1978), Die schönsten Songs der Kelly Family (Universal/Polygram, 1994).

Dunford, Michael & Betty Thatcher (1979).  ‘Jekyll & Hyde’ performed by Renaissance (vocals: Annie Haslam) on Azure D'Or. Wea International K 56633. Re-released 1996 as WEA CD 26517; US, 2001: Wounded Bird CD 6068.

[A British progressive rock band (similar to ‘Yes’). ‘Duplicated man, inside, double tied / Prisoner, he's back to back, face to face / Mirrored shadows always changing place / Separated man himself he divides / Opposite needs he can't see where to hide / A single double side - jekyll and hyde’ […] ‘Deep down inside he hides / A twist that we maybe missed / Confusion and nasty trick of fate / Might be the break / Don't find yourself too late / Now who's outside, inside, jekyll and hyde’]

Entwistle, John (1968). ‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’. Performed by The Who on the Magic Bus—The Who on Tour LP.
[When I drink my potion my character changes, / My whole mind and body rearranges, / This strange transformation takes place in me, / Instead of myself everybody can see... / Mister Hyde, Mister Hyde, Mister Hyde, Mister Hyde, Hyde. Youtube]

Five Finger Death Punch (2015), ‘Jekyll and Hyde’. Got Your Six.
[The lead single from the Los Angeles heavy metal band Five Finger Death Punch’s sixth studio album, Got Your Six. Chorus: ‘Oh, yo, yo, there's a demon inside / Oh, yo, yo, just like Jekyll and Hyde'.]

Gainsbourg, Serge (1966). ‘Docteur Jekyll et Monsieur Hyde’, on the album Couleur Café (Polygram). [Harassed telephone call/internal dialogue refrain ("Hello Docteur Jekyll !" / "Mon nom est Hyde, Mister Hyde") alternates with verses where the first two lines begin "Docteur Jekyll…" the the second two "Mister Hyde…" ("…Mister Hyde dans son cœur / Prenait des notes pour le docteur". Youtube)]

Hartman, Bob (2003). ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ performed by Petra on the album Jekyll and Hyde (Inpop). [A heavy-metal song about inner spiritual conflict (Petra is a ‘Christian rock’ band): ‘Sometimes I feel like Jekyll and Hyde / Two men are fighting a war inside / One gives, one takes, I have to decide / Sometimes I feel like Jekyll and Hyde’. The album notes make a Biblical reference to Romans 7:15. Youtube]

Humenry, Jean (1992). Mister Stevenson. CD (Moderato/Arc en Ciel).
[Co-produced with Bernard Paganotti. The elegant, nostalgic songs from this album were then incorporated in a concert mapping RLSʼs ʻinterior journeyʼ, performed twice at the St Malo festival ʻLes étonnants voyageursʼ in 1994.]

Humenry, Jean (1998). Chansons d'enfance de Robert-Louis Stevenson. CD (Naive; reissued by Comme ci, Comme ça/ADF-STUDIO SM, 2004)
[22 tracks; 16-page booklet with watercolours; songs, with some tracks of the poems read by children. Rhythmic folksy melodies, intelligent lyrics, elegant arrangements from twenty-five musicians.]

Humenry, Jean (2005, 2009). Sur les pas de Robert-Louis Stevenson. book/CD (Comme ci, Comme ça).
[Two CDs with 33 songs tracing RLSʼs life and works; book with texts, landscapes, biography, watercolours by Claude Larosa. Track-listing.21 This seems to be a selection from the other two CDs. ]

Juhnkes, Harald (1999). ‘Dr. Jekyll und Mr. Hyde’ on the album That’s life (Koch / Universal).

Lindenberg Udo (1996). ‘Dr. Jekill’, performed with the Panikorchester on the album Und ewig rauscht die Linde (Polydor / Universal).

Morgan, Axel (music), Axel Morgan & Rolf Kasparek (lyrics) (1992). ‘Treasure Island’. Performed by Running Wild on Pile of Skulls. Noise. B00000J5ZF.

[Judged by many to be the best album by this German ‘speed metal’ (or ‘thrash’) band, the 11-minute ‘Treasure island’ is a high point, starting with a spoken introduction that comes mainly from the first paragraph of Stevenson’s text. Reviews at http://www.metal-archives.com/review.php?id=1457]

Prévert, Jacques (1955). ʻRue Stevensonʼ. In La Pluie et le Beau Temps, p. 699.
[[Docteur Jonquille cycling to his girlfriendʼs house in Rue Stevenson suddenly realizes he is accompanied by Monsieur Hydeux: "Alors docteur / Jonquille / on se croyait tout seal"]

Ponte, Gabry (2004). ‘Dottor Jekyll & Mister Dj’. On the album Dottor Jekyll & Mister Dj. Universal International. B00028HO9K

[Il mio nome è Dr. Jekyll / professore all’università / vivo giorni tutti uguali / condannato per due soldi alla normalità… [My name is Dr Jekyll, university professor, all my days are all the same, doomed to normality just for a little money …]

Tino, Babs (c. 1963). 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hude'. SIngle on Kapp label. c. 1963 unrepentant pop: boppy melody, catch in the voice, girl chorus, sax, electric organ YouTube

Sandro Tuminelli (1968). ‘La freccia nera’. Theme-song for the 1968 Italian TV adaptation of The Black Arrow.

[‘La freccia nera fischiando si scaglia / e la sporca canaglia / il saluto ti da’ (The black arrow whistling flies / and this blackguard / sends a greeting to you); very 1968, with emphasis given to the words ‘fratello’ (brother) and ‘libertà’ (freedom; the last word of the song) (and explains why an anarchist group in Bergamo is called ‘La Freccia nera’). ]

3) Instrumental pieces inspired by Stevenson’s work

Berky, Carl (1959). ‘Sonatina for Piano -- Weir of Hermiston’: 1. Winter on the Moors,  2. A Leaf from Christina’s Psalm-Book,  3. Nocturnal Visit 8 min. First Performance: University of Pennsylvania, Composer.

Cosma, Vladimir (1978). Main theme from Die Abenteuer des David Balfour (German/French TV mini-series of Kidnapped with Ekkehardt Belle and David McCallum).

[Video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QG0ZfQ7tKBY. The whole fondly-remembered ‘legendary TV mini-series’ is now available on DVD (Concorde Video, August 2007).]

Deak, Jon [b. 1943] (1987). Shiver me Timbers! for solo piano and narrator. New York: Carl Fischer.

[Based on a chapter of Treasure Island; 10 mins. Recorded by Catherine Kautsky on Francis Poulenc: Babar the Little Elephant, with other musical tales by Erik Satie and John Deak. (1998). Vox; 47163 75452. ]

Jon Deak (1983, 1984). ‘Hyde and Jekyll, Chapter I’, 1983, 15 mins.. ‘Hyde and Jekyll, Chapter II’, 1984, 14 mins.. Both for small orchestra with cello and French horn soloists, accompanied by subtitles.

[A musical narrative written in mock heroic manner, emulating the style of Gothic horror novels. ‘Chapter II’ performed in New York by the Philharmonia Virtuosi, 29 October 1985. The two solo instruments represent the doctor and his alter ego.]

Devil Music Ensemble (Tim Nylander, Jonah Rapino and Brendon Wood) (2006). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. On tour, fall 2006. http://www.massdist.com/dme/2006%20fall%20tour.htm

[This Boston trio (guitars, electric violin, keyboards and drums) compose and perform music to accompany classic silent films: this score is played to accompany Robertsons’s Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1921).]

Hill, Edward Burlingame [1872-1960] (1916-17) Stevensonia I, suite. (1921-2) Stevensonia II, suite. [Stevensonia II has been the most performed; Its four movements are based on poems from Robert Louis Stevenson’s Child’s Garden of Verses.  The scoring is rich and colorful, with a leaning toward the French impressionists; but also with a tenderness and simplicity that is altogether personal” (John Tasker Howard, Our American Music: Three Hundred Years of It, Third Edition. New York: Thomas Y Crowell, 1946, p. 384)

Helms, Thomas (music) & Roger Van Fleteren (choreography), (1999). Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde. The Ballet. Alabama Ballet; Birmingham, Albama, Oct 22 1999. Revived Oct. 30-Nov. 2 2008.
[The music, 24 pieces, borrows from several sources: beguine, tango, Strauss waltzes and Gustav Mahler]

Hughes, Robert (1968). 'Four Pieces by Stevenson: Fanfare, Tune for Flageolet, Habanera, Quadrille arranged for chamber orchestra'. First performed by the Oakland Youth Chamber Orchestra, March 15 1968, Lewis and Clark College, Evans Auditorium, Portland, Oregon.
[The music was based on Stevenson manuscripts at the Monterey Stevenson House and the Beinecke Library, Yale. The pieces were performed by the orchestra in a tour of north-west USA, March-April 1968.]

Gould, Morton (1950). Jekyll and Hyde Variations: for orchestra. New York: G. & C. Music/Chappell & Co. [the second half is a back-to-front version of the first half; 22 minutes]

Grantham, Donald (1998). Fantasy on Mr Hyde’s Song: for chamber orchestra. NY: Peer-Southern Concert Music [for clarinets, flute, violin, cello,
percussion & piano; New York Public Library; "based on a single sentence from S’s The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" – prob. ‘Hyde had a song upon his lips as he compounded the draught, and as he drank it, pledged the dead man’; ‘jazzy sounds ranging from dark to playful’; 7 mins.]

Mckenzie, Mark (1995). Doctor Jekyll and Ms Hyde. Intrada Records MAF-7063D (USA). [Film score; "one of Mark Mckenzie’s crowning achievements", includes ‘Overture’, with four variations of the Jekyll/Helen theme, pastiche ‘Old Movie Music’, playful ‘mad scientist’ themes, troubling fanfare at the beginning of ‘Something Electrical’, ‘The Unstable Gene’, ‘Acid Love Potion’ seems to make a homage to Herrmann’s Psycho music]

McLean, Jackie (?1955). ‘Dr Jekyll’ (sometimes called ‘Dr. Jackyll’ or ‘Dr Jackle’). [Played by Miles Davis and Milt Jackson on Miles Davis and Milt Jackson Quintet/Sextet (Prestige PRLP 7034, 1955). Also by the Miles Davis Sextet on Milestones (Columbia CL 1193, 1958; Legacy CD 1086415, 2001). Played at great speed, starting from rhythmical units echoing “Dr Jekyll” and “Mr Hyde”.]

Savourna Stevenson (1994). Tusitala, Teller of Tales. Eclectic CD - ECL CD 9412 (1996). [Music for the 1994 BBC documentary Stevenson's Travels. Tracks: Tusitala, Teller of Tales; Jekyll and Hyde; Clyde to Sandy Hook; Across the Plains; Mexican Monterey; Silverado Squatters; La Solitude; Modestine; Treasure Island and Long John Silver; Road to the Loving Heart; Child's Garden / The Kidnapped Reel; Island Seas; Molokai. The ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ piece starts with a syncopated melody on harp which is then joined by another melody on the fiddle (and ends with a single long bass note). The ‘Emigrant Journey’ pieces (Clyde to Sandy Hook; Across the Plains; Mexican Monterey; Silverado Squatters) also have the collective title Clyde to California and were composed for the River Tweed Festival. Review at: http://www.folkmusic.net/htmfiles/webrevs/eclcd9412.htm]

Wilby, Philip (music) & Moricone, Massimo (director & choreographer) (2001). Jekyll and Hyde. Northern Ballet Theatre (NBT) (designs by Alessandro Ciammarughi; 19-24 Feb 2001, West Park Centre, Leeds; later at Sadler’s Wells, London in March 2001) [ballet version; "set in a glamorous 1930’s Metropolis-inspired world…in stark contrast to the strangeness of the scenes with Mr.Hyde"] 

 

4) Stevenson’s music

The complete guide to the music written by Robert Louis Stevenson and to the poems he wrote to (or inspired by) the music of others is to be found at J.F.M Russell's site The Music of Robert Louis Stevenson

Tom Clelland and others (2009). From a Garden of Songs. Modestine Music. WH005.
[Scottish-folk settings of Child's Garden poems, but the CD also includes Wendy Weatherby’s Scottish-Celtic arrangement (for cello, fiddle, harp and penny whistle) of Stevenson’s “Aberlady Links”]

Hughes, Robert (1968). ‘Four Pieces by Stevenson: Fanfare, Tune for Flageolet, Habanera, Quadrille’ arranged for chamber orchestra’. First performed by the Oakland Youth Chamber Orchestra, March 15 1968, Lewis and Clark College, Evans Auditorium, Portland, Oregon.

[The music was based on Stevenson manuscripts at the Monterey Stevenson House and the Beinecke Library, Yale. The pieces were performed by the orchestra in a tour of north-west USA, March-April 1968.]

The Edinburgh RLS Club has recorded a performance of one of Stevenson’s  flageolet compositions, written in Samoa but with a Scottish title ‘Aberlady Links’. The manuscript is in the Monterey Stevenson Museum. The recording will be presented at the annual Club lunch on 19th November 2005.

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