Robert Louis Stevenson Studies 1875-1914
H = Reprinted entiely or in part in A. Hammerton (ed.) (1910). Stevensoniana. An anecdotal life and appreciation of Robert Louis Stevenson. Edinburgh: John Grant.
TH= In Tom Hubbard (2008). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. In Tom Hubbard, Rikky Rooksby and Edward Wakeling (eds.) Lives of Victorian Literary Figures, Part VI: Carroll, Stevenson and Swinburne by their Contemporaries. 3 vols. Pickering & Chatto.
Blanch, Josephine: Story of a friendship: a California reminiscence of RLS and his friend Jules Simoneau. [Saranac Lake, Stevenson Cottage collection]
Brown, Lawrason. ‘Stevenson and Saranac’. [Essay by a charter member of the Stevenson Society of America (Dr. Brown was second only to Dr. Trudeau in the treatment and understanding of Tuberculosis. His home at …Main St. was the scene in 1887 of the dinner conversation between R.L.S. and Libby Custer, the widow of General Custer. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]
Chapman, Livingston, ‘Stevenson at Saranac Lake’. [Essay by the Stevenson Society of America secretary. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]
Anon. (1879). ‘Review of
Archer, William Robert (1885), Robert Louis Stevenson: his style and thought’. Time (Nov.). [Praises Stevenson’s ‘lightness of touch’]
Archer, William (1887). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson at ‘Skerryvore’. Critic ***. TH
Droppers, Garrett (1887). '***'. Harvard Monthly 4 (Mar 1887).
[article on RLS; see L5, 377n]
Kirk, Sophia (1887). "Robert Louis Stevenson". Atlantic Monthly 60 (Dec 1887) : 747-55. TH
[praises "the incomparable Dynamiter" (748); "perhaps somethng may be done... towards tracing certain qualities that pervade them [S's works], and finding the thread of connection between a set of volumes which, from their very slenderness and variety of topic, hang but loosely together"]
Oliphant, Margaret (1887). ‘Review of Underwoods’. Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine ***. TH
James, Henry (1888), ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’, Century Magazine (April 1888). Reprinted in Partial Portraits, 1888. TH
Barrie, J.M. (1888). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. British Weekly (2
Nov.). Repr. In An
Bentzon, Thérèse. (1888), 'Le roman étrange en Angleterre: Robert Louis Stevenson', Revue des deux mondes (1.4.1888): 550-581.
Barrie, J.M. (1888). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. British Weekly (2
Nov.). Repr. In An
Barrie, J.M. (1888). "Robert Louis Stevenson". British Weekly (2 Nov.). Repr. In An Edinburgh Eleven. Pencil Portraits from College Life. London/New York: J.A. Smith/Lovell, Coryell & Co. 1889. TH
Salmon, Edward (1888). Juvenile Literature as It Is. London: Henry J. Drane.
[discusses Treasure Island]
Schwob, Marcel (1888), ‘Robert Louis
Stevenson’, Le Phare de la Loire (27.8.1888)
[begins: ‘Après la forte génération des Thackeray..’].
Doyle, Arthur Conan (1890), 'Mr Stevenson's Methods in Fiction'. National Review (Jan.).
Schwob, Marcel (1890), ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’, L’Evénement (11
[begins : 'Je me souviens de la nuit..'].
Lang, Andrew (1891). ‘Mr Stevenson’s Works’. Essays in Little. London: Henry and Co.
‘Robert Louis Stevenson on Realism and Idealism’, Littell’s Living Age (1891). TH
Glardon, Auguste (1892). ‘A travers la littérature anglaise contemporaine: Les romans’. Bibliothèque universelle et revue suisse [Lausanne] 54 : 532-535 and 55 : 516-520, 526-527, 538-547.
Purcell, Edward (1892). "The Genius of Stevenson". Bookman (May 1892).
[praises the dilettantism and elegant attractiveness of S's personality; in the same number of Bookman Purcell published the poem "To Prospero in Samoa" (under his pseudonym of "Y.Y."; article and poem reprinted in Robert Louis Stevenson: The Man and His Work, Bookman extra number 1913: 11-16 and 128]
Walkley, Arthur Bingham (1892). Playhouse Impressions. London: T. Fisher Unwin.
Crockett, S. R. (1893). ‘The Apprenticeship of Robert Louis Stevenson’. Bookman (March).
Gosse, Edmund (1893). In Questions at Issue. London: Heinemann
Johnson, Lionel (1893). ‘Review of Island Nights Entertainments’. The Academy ***. TH
Anon. (1894). ‘***’. Spectator (11 Aug 1894).
[‘His greatest contribution to literature is the boy who acts the part of a hero, but yet is at the same time always a thorough boy and a real boy,--and by this we do not mean an angelic person of the choirboy order, but that curious mixture of irresponsibility and shrewdness, boldness and shyness, waywardness and hard common sense, which constitutes the true boy’.]
Anon. (1894). 'Robert Louis Stevenso'. Spectator (22 Dec 1894), pp. 881-82
[‘What is it that makes Mr. Stevenson's literary work never wholly satisfying?']
Gwynn, Stephen (1894). ‘Mr. Robert
Louis Stevenson. A Critical Study’. Fortnightly Review 56 (1 Dec. 1894):
[This article and Gwyn (1898) are ‘two fine essays ‘ in which ‘Gwynn acknowledged the importance of the Pacific fiction, in terms both of the subject matter… and of the new narrative style’, an exception to the critical silence about the South Seas fiction in the early surveys of S’s achievement (Roslyn Jolly (1996). ‘Introduction’. Robert Louis Stevenson. South Seas Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. xxxi).]
Jacobs, Joseph (1894). "Mr Robert Louis Stevenson". Athenaeum 22 (December 1894): 863-4.
Schwob, Marcel (1894), ‘Robert
Louis Stevenson’, La Revue hebdomadaire (2 juin 1894) ; also
(translated) in The New Review 12 (Feb. 1895): 153-170; also in Marcel
Schwob (1896). Spicilège. Paris: Mercure de France.
[begins : 'Je me souviens clairement…'].
Anon. (1894), ‘***’, Critic [New York] (Dec. 1894).
Anon. (1895). "The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson". Edinburgh Review (July 1895). H
Anon. (1895). ‘***’. Good Words (spring 1895).
[Includes a description of Swanston.]
Anon. (1895). 'Mr. R. Louis Stevenson on Maps'. The Geographical Journal [Royal Geographical Society], 5.i (Jan 1895): 83.
[Quotes RLS's remarks on the map as stimulus for Treasure Island from 'My First Book', 'now published with others in a volume', and comments that 'This is a special case, and a very interesting one, of the vast value of geography as an element of culture'.]
Archer, William (1895), ‘In Memoriam: R.L.S.’, New Review 12 (January 1895). TH
Churchill, W. (1895). ‘Stevenson in the South Seas’. McClure’s Magazine (Feb.).
Copeland, Charles Townsend (1895). "Robert Louis Stevenson". Atlantic Monthly (April 1895): 537-46. TH
[obituary tribute and overview of his works]
Glardon, Auguste (1895). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. Bibliothèque universelle et revue suisse [Lausanne] 66: 493-521 and 67: 80-111.
[commends ‘Markheim’; gives a long exposition of ‘The Lantern Bearers’; Falesà is a work of of realism ‘féroce et pourtant décent’. ‘A leitmotiv in Glardon’s essays is a favourable comparison of Scottish culture with French’ (Hubbard)]
Gosse, Edmund (1895). ‘Personal Memories of Robert Louis Stevenson’, The Century ***. TH
J.A. [Anne Jenkin] (1895). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. Edinburgh Academy Chronicle (March).
Lang, Andrew (1895). "The Late Mr. R. L. Stevenson", Illustrated London News, 5 Jan. 1895.
Lang, Andrew (1895). "Robert Louis Stevenson", Longman’s Magazine, Feb. 1895.
Lang, Andrew (1895). ‘Recollections
of Robert Louis Stevenson’, North American Review, Feb. 1895. Repr. In Adventures
Among Books. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1905.
[‘I have known no man in whom the pre-eminently manly virtues of kindness, courage, sympathy, generosity, helpfulness, were more beautifully conspicuous than in Mr. Stevenson, none so much loved--it is not too strong a word--by so many and so various people.’]
Lee, Vernon [Violet Paget] (1895). ‘***’ [comments on Catriona]. Contemporary Review (Oct. 1911).
Raleigh, Walter (1895). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. [Lecture at the Royal Institution May 17, 1895.] London: Arnold
Schwob, Marcel (1895). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. The New Review 12 (Feb. 1895): 153-170. See Schwob (1894). TH
Shaw, George Bernard (1895). ‘Macaire’ [review]. Saturday Review (8 June). Also Shaw, George Bernard (1897). ‘Admiral Guinea’ [review]. Saturday Review (4 Dec.). Both reprinted with other comments in Shaw, George Bernard (1932). Our Theatre in the Nineties, vols. 1 and 3.
Van Rensselaer, M. G. (1895), ‘Robert Louis Stevenson and his Writings’, Century Magazine (Nov. 1895). TH
Barrie, J.M. (1896). "R.L.S.". In Margarat Ogilvie. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
[ch. 7; on how his mother was fascinated by Treasure Island]
Dawson, W. J. (1896). ‘***’. The
[‘it will be a painful surprise to me if coming generations do not recognize his work as one of the chief treasures of our literature, and the man himself as one of the most original, rare, and entirely lovable men of genius of this or of any time’]
Gosse, Edmund (1896). In Critical
[‘He became the most exquisite English writer of his generation; yet those who lived close to him are apt to think less of this than of the fact that he was the most unselfish and the most lovable of human beings’]
Kittredge, G. L. (1896). ‘***’. The
Nation (January 9) v 62: 37.
[observations on Stevenson's style]
Quiller-Couch, Arthur Thomas
(1896), ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’, Adventures in Criticism,
Lord Rosebery, ‘Robert Louis
Stevenson’, transcript of speech given at
de Wyzewa, Téodor (1896). [essay on Weir of Hermiston]. Revue des deux mondes 136 : 216-225
Moore, George (1897). ‘***’ [review
of The Secret Rose by W.B. Yeats]. Daily Chronicle (April 24
[Early revisionist attack]
Murray, David Christie (1897). My Contemporaries in Fiction (London: Chatto & Windus).
[Ch. 3 is 'Robert Louis Stevenson'; Murray admires the man and the stylist, but thinks he has been overpraised and that Scott is clearly the greater writer.]
Peck, Harry Thurston (1897). ***
(perhaps in the Bookman, of which he was the editor).
[‘I cannot help feeling that these eulogies of Mr. Stevenson are going too far’; he thinks that they are a way of putting into the shadow writers of ‘amorous modern fiction’ like Wilde, Hardy, Moore and Kipling.]
Strachey, John St. Loe (1897). ‘A Study of Louis Stevenson’.
In From Grave to Gay.
[Starts: ‘What is it that makes Mr. Stevenson's literary work never wholly satisfying?’]
Symonds, Arthur (1897). In Studies
in Two Literatures.
Margaret Moyes (1898). Robert Louis
[Contents: Heredity and Antecedents; Childhood; Boyhood and College Days; As I First Knew Him; Him Home Life; His Choice of a Literary Life and His Early Books; Wandering in Search of Health; His Marriage and Friendships; His Essays and Verses; His Stories; His Life in Samoa; His Death; and His Life-Work.]
Burgess, Gelett (1898). ‘An Interview with Mrs Robert Louis Stevenson’. Bookman ***. TH
Chapman, John Jay (1898). ‘Robert
Louis Stevenson’. In Emerson and other Essays.
[Accuses Stevenson of being imitative]
Gwynn, Stephen (1898). ‘The Posthumous Works of Robert Louis Stevenson’. Fortnightly Review o.s. 69: 561-75.
Jacobs, Joseph (1894). ‘Mr Robert Louis Stevenson’. The Athenaeum 22 (December 1894): 863-4.
MacCulloch, J. (1898). 'R.L. Stevenson: Characteristics'. Westminster Review 149 (June 1898): 631-47.
Bosdari, Alessandro De (1899). ‘Roberto Luigi Stevenson’. Nuova Antologia [di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti], vol. IV. Also (as ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’) in Studi di letterature straniere. Bologna: Zanichelli, 1929. 73-93.
[Written because of ‘la grande notorietà di lui nel mondo letterario anglo-americano, e dell’interessamento che ne va nascendo’ (91). Refers to Ragazzoni’s 1899 article, which is therefore earlier; cites the letters being published in Scribner’s Magazine (Dec. 1898-Nov. 1899), quotes from these and quotes and refers to many works by S; in Underwoods there are poems that remind one of Lamartine and De Musset; if poetry is invention and imagination, then S is a poet in New Arab., JH, ‘Merry Men’; in his fantasy he is similar to Hoffman and Poe; his adventure romances leave me ‘annoiato e disilluso’, but praises details, including ‘la grande scena del duello’ in Bal. (89), finds Anthony Hope ‘più rapido, più incisivo, più poeta dello Stevenson’; Wrecker, Ebb.Tide; Weir ‘A me lascò un senso d’imperfezione e di peso’. For ‘diletto’ recommends letters, essays and short stories; a model of ‘prosa flessibile, varia, appropriata, perfetta’; says that critics have coined the word ‘Stevensonism’; ends with transl qu from ‘Letter to a Young Gentleman’.]
Cornford, L[eslie] Cope (1899). Robert Louis Stevenson. Edinburgh/London:
[acknowledges ‘the help which Mr Henley has given me in the making of this essay towards a just appreciation of his old comrade.’]
de Wyzewa, Téodor (1896). [review of S’s correspondence]. Revue des deux mondes 156: 921-932.
Ragazzoni, Ernesto. (1899). ‘Letterati contemporanei: Robert Louis Stevenson’. Emporium 9 (aprile 1899): 278-300.
[R was a poet and journalist, studied and transl. esp. Poe. Interesting survey of life and works and style, with long quotations from the works, prob. seen Edin. Ed. because he translates passages from ‘My First Book’ which was collected for the first time there; uses essays to illustrate points about his other texts; translates two fables; puts ‘pleasure’ as the keynote of his style. The Istituto di Arti Grafiche in Bergamo was the first Italian publisher to equip itself with typographic apparatus for the printing of photographs on the same page as graphics and texts; monthly magazine Emporium (founded 1895) in imitation of the The Studio ‘fino alla I guerra mondiale fu la più vivace e aperta rivista italiana, in rapporto con la cultura europea’]
Anonymous (1900). "Stevenson From a New Point of View". Atlantic Monthly (March 1900): 429-31.
[In the "Contributors Club" section; report of an evening at a literary society in which S is condemned for his lack of religious and moral sentiments]
Hadden, J Cuthbert (1900). ‘Robert
Louis Stevenson and Music’,
Le Gallienne, Richard (1900).
‘Stevenson Dethroned’. In Sleeping Beauty and Other Prose Fancies.
[Defends S. against Moore and Strachey]
Hadden, J Cuthbert (1900). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson and Music’,
James, Henry (1900). 'The Letters
of Robert Louis Stevenson' [review of Letters To His Family And Friends
ed S. Colvin (1899)]. North American Review (Jan ). Repr. in Notes on
[‘The finest papers in Across the Plains, in Memories and Portraits and in Virginibus Puerisque, stout of substance and supremely silver of speech, have both a nobleness and a nearness that place them, for perfection and roundness, above his fictions, and that also may remind a vulgarized generation of what, even under its nose, English prose can be.]
Wallace, William (1900). "The Life and Limitations of Stevenson". Scottish Review (Jan.): 13-35. TH
[Review of Colvin's Letters to His Family and Friends (1899), also Cornford (1899), Black (1896) and Simpson (1898; overviews his life, looks forward to Balfour's biography; identifies "cameraderie" as a leading characteristic and quotes to witne4sses on the style of his conversation; the "limitations" are not part of a debunking operation, but concern the lack of good female protagonists and the lack of a major novel]
Anon. (1901). ‘The Book of the Month: Robert Louis Stevenson’s Life’. The Review of Reviews ***. TH
Baildon, H. Bellyse (1901). Robert Louis Stevenson. A Life Study in Criticism. London: Chatto & Windus.
[Baildon knew RLS at University; ch II-IV are biographical, the rest appraises his achivement in eight literary genres]
Balfour, Graham (1901). The
Life of Robert Louis Stevenson.
Baildon, H. Bellyse (1901). Robert
Louis Stevenson: A Life Study in Criticism.
Genung, John Franklin (1901). Stevenson's Attitude to Life: With
Henley, W E (1901). ‘Robert Louis
Blantyre Simpson, Eve (1901).‘Robert Louis Stevenson’s Hills of Home’. Chambers Journal (Feb. 1901).
[by the sister of Sir Walter Simpson]
Vallotton, Félix (1901). ‘Un portrait : R. L. Stevenson’. La Revue Blanche 24 (série parisienne) N. 183 (15.1.1901).
Chesterton, G. K. and William Robertson Nicoll (1902). Robert Louis Stevenson. London: Hodder & Stoughton (The Bookman Booklets, No. 2). Also published New York: James Pott, 1906
[the 1902 edition has no author's name on the title page but is often catalogued under Nicoll; the 1906 US edition has Chesterton and Nicoll on the title page; includes "The Personality and Style of Robert Louis Stevenson" by Nicoll (1-8) and "The Characteristics of Robert Louis Stevenson" by Chesterton (9-34), a poem "Home from the Hill" by Nicoll (35) and a Biographical Note (36-40); Chesterton's text begins "All things and all men are underrated"]
Chesterton, G. K. (1902). "Stevenson". In Twelve Types. London: Arthur L. Humphreys.
[a review of H. Bellyse Baildon (1901). Robert Louis Stevenson: A Life Study in Criticism; begins "A recent incident has finally convinced us that Stevenson was, as we suspected, a great man"]
Pinero, Arthur Wing (1902).
‘Robert Louis Stevenson: the Dramatist’. ***: privately printed. Repr. as Stevenson as a Dramatist. Publications of Dram. Mus. of
Stephen, Leslie (1902). "Robert Louis Stevenson". National Review 38 (Jan. 1902). Repr. in Leslie Stephen (1902). Studies of a Biographer, vol 4. London: Duckworth. 206-46.
Vance, Hiram Albert (1902), 'Robert Louis Stevenson'. The Sewanee Review 10ii (Apr 1902): 223-233.
[Contrasts the ‘timid, half-view of life’ in Prince
Otto with the transformed art that followed his move to the
Whiting, Marie Louise (1902), 'Robert Louis Stevenson: the Man in his 'Life' and 'Letters''. Sewanee Review 10iv (Oct 1902): 385-405.
[Review of Balfour’s biography and Letters; ‘his personality casts a spell’ (345), ‘how lovable must this man have been!’ (400)]
Hammerton, J.A. (ed.) (1903). Stevensoniana:
An Anecdotal Life and Appreciation of Robert Louis Stevenson.
Kelman, John, Jr (1903). The Faith of Robert Louis Stevenson. Edinburgh/London: Oliphant Anderson & Ferrier.
Grappe, G. (1904). R.L. Stevenson. Paris.
Sharp, William (1904). ‘The Country of Stevenson’, Literary Geography ***. TH
Symonds, J. Aldington (1904). Studies in Prose and Verse.
Japp, Alexander H. (1905). Robert
Louis Stevenson: A record, An Estimate and a Memorial.
Johnstone, Arthur (1905). Robert Louis Stevenson in the Pacific ***. TH (excerpts)
Wyzewa, Téodor de (1905). ‘Un livre nouveau de Robert Stevenson’. Revue des deux mondes 28 : 457-468.
[Review and discussion of Essays of Travel (1905). De W. was ‘one of the leading literary-journalistic gurus of the Symbolist movement’ (Hubbard). He regrets ‘qu’aucune traduction ne puisse rendre la grâce de son style, la savante simplicité de ses expressions, et ce rythme et cette musique qui, jusque dans ses moindres billets, nous ravissent comme l’harmonieux écho d’une âme de poète.’ Later in this essay, though, he offers a useful summing-up of the Dostoevsky-Stevenson pedigree: ‘[…] car si les magnifiques coquins des romans de Stevenson, les héros du Reflux [The Ebb-Tide] ou du Maître de Ballantrae, sont assurément d’une autre race que les Rogojine et les Karamazof, le tréfonds humain de leurs âmes n’en demeure pas moins étrangement pareil, avec son mélange de grandeur et de vice, d’innocence naïve et de dépravation.’ (Hubbard)]
Sypherd, Wilbur Owen (1906). 'Robert Louis Stevenson' [public lecture]. New Century Club, Newark, Delaware (Teachers at Institute, (November 28 1906), and New Century Club, Dover, Delaware (April 9 1907). Autograph with corrections and revisions. (Univ. Delaware LIbrary, Spec. Coll.Wilbur Owen Sypherd Papers, Box 2, F20, 27 pp.).
Gosse, Edmund (1908). Bibliographical Notes on the Writings of Robert
Grove, L.M. (1908). R.L. Stevenson. sa vie et son œuvre. Paris.
Baker, Franklin T. (1909). ‘Critical Opinions’. In Stevenson, Robert
Louis (ed. Franklin T. Baker)
collection of opinions on Stevenson and his art, in particular on
Burton, Richard (1909). ‘Stevenson’s Prayer Book’. North American Review 199.vi (June, 1909): 869-76.
Beach, Joseph Warren (1910). ‘The Source of Stevenson’s Bottle Imp’. Modern Language Notes 25 (Jan. 1910): 12-18.
Mackay, David. N. (1911). The Appin Murder: The Historial Basis of "Kidnapped" and "Catriona". Edinburgh: Hodge.
Webster, Alex (1912). R.L. Stevenson and Henry Drummond.
Catton, Robert (1912). ‘R.L.S.’ [Essay written for the Scottish Thistle club of Honolulu, and read on 6/28/1912 by its author. Catton befriended Stevenson in Hawaii in 1893. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]
Mandel, Kurt (1912). 'Die Belesenheit von Robert Louis Stevenson mit hinweisen auf die quellen seiner Werke' [The erudition of Robert Louis Stevenson and the sources of his works]. Erlangen: Junge & Sohn.
[doctorall thesis, University of Kiel; online at archive.org]
Maclean, Lauchlan (1913). The Hills of Home. Edinburgh: T. N. Foulis.
[Nine chapters by Maclean followed by the four 'Pentland essays' by RLS, Maclean's chapters are mainly a study or RLS's style, Scottish world-view, as an essayist etc.--not an in-the-footsteps work]
Munro, Neil (1913). ‘Stevenson: the Man and his Work’, The Bookman ***. TH
Rivière, Jacques (1913). ‘Le roman d’aventures’. NRF (La Nouvelle Revue Française) mai-juin-jullet 1913.
Watt, Francis (1913). R.L.S. London/New York: Methuen & Co. Ltd/Macmillan & Co.
[basically a study of RLS as a writer; much on the Scottish background ]
Swinnerton, Frank A. (1914). Robert Louis Stevenson: A Critical Study. London/New York: Martin Secker/George H. Doran (n.d.).
[a critical study: a condemnation of S as a writer (though he exempts the short stories)]