Robert Louis Stevenson Studies 1915-1950
H = Reprinted entiely or in part in A. Hammerton (ed.) (1910). Stevensoniana. An anecdotal life and appreciation of Robert Louis Stevenson. Edinburgh: John Grant.
TH= In Tom Hubbard (2008). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. In Tom Hubbard, Rikky Rooksby and Edward Wakeling (eds.) Lives of Victorian Literary Figures, Part VI: Carroll, Stevenson and Swinburne by their Contemporaries. 3 vols. Pickering & Chatto.
Blanch, Josephine: Story of a friendship: a California reminiscence of RLS and his friend Jules Simoneau. [Saranac Lake, Stevenson Cottage collection]
Brown, Lawrason. ‘Stevenson and Saranac’. [Essay by a charter member of the Stevenson Society of America (Dr. Brown was second only to Dr. Trudeau in the treatment and understanding of Tuberculosis. His home at …Main St. was the scene in 1887 of the dinner conversation between R.L.S. and Libby Custer, the widow of General Custer. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]
Chapman, Livingston, ‘Stevenson at Saranac Lake’. [Essay by the Stevenson Society of America secretary. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]
Hamilton, Clayton (1915). On the Trail of Stevenson. Garden City, NY/ London: Doubleday, Page & Company/ Hodder & Stoughton.
[though mainly a biography, this does contain sections of critical evaluation, e.g. pp 119-123 where he discusses the maning of S's declaration of 'War on the optic nerve']
Matthews, Brander (1915). ‘A Moral from a Toy Theatre’. Scribner’s
Magazine (Oct. 1915). Repr. in Brander Matthews (1916). A Book About the
Theater. New York: Charles Scribners’ Sons. 37-54
[Discusses RLS as a playwright and the influence of the toy theater. The version in the volume is dated ‘1914’.]
Cruse, Amy (1915). Robert Louis Stevenson. London/New York: Harrap/Frederick A. Stokes Co.
[biography, with "Epilogue: The Writer and the Man" evaluating his achievement]
Knowlton, Edgar. C. (1916). ‘A Russian Influence on Stevenson’. Modern Philology 15 (Dec. 1916): 449-454. TH
Rice, Richard Ashley (1916). Robert Louis Stevenson: How to Know Him. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co.
[a study of RLS; presented in ch. 1 as "the companiable author"; quotes the whole chapter of the duel in The Master of Ballantrae as "the finest passage in Stevenson"; replies to the critics, Chapman 1898 et al., who had accused Stevenson of being merely imitative of others]
Aydelotte, Frank (1917.) ‘Robert Louis Stevenson Darkening Counsel’. In The Oxford Stamp and Other Essays: Articles from the Educational Creed of an American Oxonian. New York: Oxford University Press.
[says that S's recommendation of imitation in order to learn writing first published in The English Journal 1912; replies to the critics, Chapman 1898 et al., who had accused Stevenson of being merely imitative of others; says that the common practice of imitating Stevenson in writing classes is not good, that students should read widely as Stevenson did]
Chalmers, Stephen (1917). Enchanted
cigarettes, or Stevenson Stories that Might Have Been. Houghton Mifflin Co., 1917.
[‘read before the Stevenson Society at its first annual meeting held at Saranac Lake, New York, October 28, 1916’. Stephen Chalmers, a novelist and short-story writer, had a life-long admiration for the life and works of countryman, Robert Louis Stevenson]
Lansing, R.R. 81918). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’s French Reading as Shown in his Correspondence’. Poet Lore (March 1918).
Brown, George E. (1919). A Book of R.L.S.: Works, Travels, Friends and Commentators New York/London: Charles Scribner's Sons/Methuen & Co.
[alphabetical guide to S's worksin alphabetical order, with additional entries on friends and family]
Bay, J[ens] Christian (1920). Echoes of Robert Louis Stevenson. Chicago Walter M. Hills.
[carefully-prepared small volume (100 pp) with woodcut decorations by Axel T. Bay and facsimiles of letters; mainly about S's style]
Harper, H.H. (1920). R.L. Stevenson, an appreciation. Boston.
Snyder, Alice D. (1920). ‘Paradoxes and Antitheses in Stevenson’s Essays’. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 19iv: 540-559.
Robertson, S. (1921). ‘Sir Thomas Browne and Robert Louis Stevenson’, Journal of English and Germanic Philology **: ***
Loudon, K. M. (1922). '"East and West: Tagore and Stevenson". In Two Mystic Poets and Other Essays. Oxford: Blackwell.
[affinities and possible influences of Stevenson on Tagore]
Saint Quintin, Richard Guy (1922). Notes on Stevenson’s Kidnapped. London: Normal Press [Normal Tutorial Series, pp. 51].
Van Dyke, Henry (1922). "An Adventurer in a Velvet Jacket". Scribner's Magazine 72 (Aug 1922): 171-79. Repr. in Companionable Books. New York/London: Scribner's/Hodder & Stoughton. AO
[short study with some attention to style and theories of literature]
Anon. (1924). ‘Stevenson Unwhitewashed: Was his Story of Jekyll and Hyde Enacted in Real Life?’. Current Opinion ***. TH
Beisiegel, Mary Katherine Augusta (1924). Notes on Stevenson’s Virginibus Puerisque. London: Normal Press. [Normal Tutorial Series; pp. 68]
Barnett, David (1924). Stevenson
study – Treasure Island. Edinburgh:
Sidney Colvin, Edmund Gosse, Neil Munro [and others] (1924). Robert Louis Stevenson : his work and his personality. London: Hodder & Stoughton
Beisiegel, Mary Katherine Augusta (1925). Notes on Stevenson’s Treasure Island. London: Normal Press.
Brecht, Berthold (1925). ‘Glossen zu
Stevenson’. Berliner Borsen-Courier
[The optics of the movies had earlier been realized in narrative literature, for example by Rimbaud and Stevenson. He admires The Master of Ballantrae as ‘the extraordinary example of a novel of adventure in which the sympathy of the reader for the adventurer himself (a sympathy which is the exclusive life blood of all other adventure novels) is only achieved slowly and with an effort.’]
Clark, Evert Mordecai (1924). "The Kinship of Hazlitt and Stevenson". Texas Studies in English 4: 97-114.
Douglas, George (ed.) (1925). A
cadger's creel: the book of the Robert Louis Stevenson club bazaar. Edinburgh: William Brown.
[Essays by various authors, mostly about Stevenson. With the first appearance in print of a 16-line fragment by Robert Louis Stevenson. Signed by four contributors including Hugh Walpole.]
Joad, C.E.M. (1926). The Bookmark. London: The Labour Publishing Co 1926
Neil Munro (1926). ‘Ballantrae’. In Atlantic Garland : being the Book of the Edinburgh University Women's Union. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 176-180. Repr. in The Master of Ballantrae (London: Collins, 1953).
Bigelow, Poultney (1926). ‘Stevenson’. Handwritten speech delivered at
the 1926 Annual Meeting of Stevenson Society of North America.
[Saranac Lake, Stevenson Cottage collection. Bigelow, explorer and former president of the Stevenson Society of America, befriended RLS in Samoa.]
Chesterton, G. K. (1927). Robert Louis Stevenson. London: Hodder & Stoughton
[a critical study in ten chapters; the first chapter is "The Myth of Stevenson" in which he defends S from his recent detractors]
Dale, Dorothy Frances (1927). A Commentary and Questionnaire on An Inland Voyage and Travels with a Donkey. London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons. (Commentaries and Questionnaires in English Literature. no. 16.)
Alberts, H. (1928). Der Optimismus des englischen Dichters R.L. STevenson. Marburg.
Robinson, Frederic William (1928). A Commentary and Questionnaire on The Black Arrow. London: Sir I. Pitman & Sons (Commentaries and Questionnaires in English Literature. no. 96.)
Mackay, Eneas (1929). Robert Louis Stevenson and the Scottish Highlanders. Stirling: David B. Morris
[Explores how S’s interest in the Appin murder may have resulted from stories circulating around the Bridge of Allan and the area around Stirling, where S spent time in his youth]
Morris, David Buchan (1929). Robert
Louis Stevenson and the Scottish Highlanders. Stirling: Eneas Mackay.
[With special reference to “Kidnapped” and ’Catriona.”].
Muir, Edwin (1931). "Robert Louis Stevenson". Modern Scot (Autumn 1931).
MacLean, Cecil (1936). La France dans l’oeuvre de R. L. Stevenson Paris: Jouve.
[Deals with S's essays on French subjects and his fiction set in France; thesis, Faculté des lettres de l'Université de Paris.]
Behrend, Fritz (1937). Robert Louis Stevenson. Berlin: Wendt. 27 pp.
[A positive overview of Stevenson’s works (no hint of contemporary Anglo-American criticisms). Compares Stevenson to Theodor Fontane in his development from Romantic to Realist.]
Hersey, Frank Wilson Cheney (1938). Robert Louis Stevenson’s Kidnapped. Followed by Who
Killed the Red Fox? being the true account of the famous murder mystery in
“Kidnapped,” based on the records of the trial, together with the solution of
the murder now revealed for the first time. Boston: Ginn & Co.
[With illustrations, including a map, 438 pp.]
Haber, Tom B. (1943). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson and Israel Hands’. The English Journal 32.vii (Sept. 1943): 399.
Parsons, Coleman O. (1946). 'Stevenson's Use of Witchcraft in "Thrawn Janet"'. Studies in Philology 43.iii (July 1946): 551-571.
Daiches, David (1947). Robert Louis Stevenson: A Revaluation. Glasgow/Norfolk,
Conn.: MacLellan/New Directions
[the Glasgow edition has the subtitle on the half-title page only, not on the title page].
Garrod, H.W. (1948). ‘The Poetry
of R.L. Stevenson’. Essays Presented to Herbert Grierson.
Greene, Graham (1948). 'From Feathers to Iron'. New Statesman and Nation 3 Jan 1948: 13-14.
[Republished in The Lost Childhood and Other Essays (1951)]
Greene, Graham (1948). 'Kensington to Samoa: Two Friends'. New Statesman and Nation 27 Nov 1948: 468-9.
[Review of Janet Adam Smith's Henry James and Robert Louis Stevenson: A Record of Friendship and Criticism]
Hayes-McCoy, G A (1950). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson and the Irish Question’, Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 39 (No. 154, Jun.): 130-140. TH