The Robert Louis Stevenson Archive

Robert Louis Stevenson Studies 1951-1990

studies: 1875-1914 | 1915-1950 | 1951-1990 | 1991-2000 | 2001-2010 | 2011-2020

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H = Reprinted entiely or in part in A. Hammerton (ed.) (1910). Stevensoniana. An anecdotal life and appreciation of Robert Louis Stevenson. Edinburgh: John Grant.
TH= In Tom Hubbard (2008). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. In Tom Hubbard, Rikky Rooksby and Edward Wakeling (eds.) Lives of Victorian Literary Figures, Part VI: Carroll, Stevenson and Swinburne by their Contemporaries. 3 vols. Pickering & Chatto.




Blanch, Josephine: Story of a friendship: a California reminiscence of RLS and his friend Jules Simoneau. [Saranac Lake, Stevenson Cottage collection]

Brown, Lawrason. ‘Stevenson and Saranac’. [Essay by a charter member of the Stevenson Society of America (Dr. Brown was second only to Dr. Trudeau in the treatment and understanding of Tuberculosis. His home at …Main St. was the scene in 1887 of the dinner conversation between R.L.S. and Libby Custer, the widow of General Custer. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]

Chapman, Livingston, ‘Stevenson at Saranac Lake’. [Essay by the Stevenson Society of America secretary. Stevenson Cottage, Saranac Lake]


Daiches, David (1951). Stevenson and the Art of Fiction. New York: privately printed

[a Frances Bergen Memorial Lecture delivered in the Yale University Library 18th May 1951 on the occasion of the opening of the Beinecke Library].


Booth, Bradford A. (1955). ‘The Letters of Robert Louis Stevenson’. Victorian Newsletters 8 (Autumn 1955): 3.

Cazamian, M.L. (1955). ‘R.L. Stevenson’. Le roman et les idées en Angleterre. III : Les doctrines d’action et d’aventure. Cambridge, MASS : Harvard University Press.


Murrill, Robert (1957). 'Robert Louis Stevenson's Musical Interests'. PMLA, 72.iv (1957): 700-04.

Race, Herbert (1957). Robert Louis Stevenson: Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes (Notes on Chosen English Texts). London: James Brodie.



Fiedler, Leslie A. (1961). ‘The Master of Ballantrae’. In Austin Wright (ed.). Victorian Literature: Modern Essays in Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press.


Kiely, Robert (1964). Robert Louis Stevenson and the Fiction of Adventure. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard UP.
[Identifies a shift in his writings from romanticism to realism.]

Finney, Ben (1964). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’s Tahitian Poems’. Journal de la Société des océanistes 20: 92-96. Also at and as pdf download from there.
[Stevenson’s Tahitian poems and his collection of material for a never-completed Tahitian section to The South Seas.]


Egan, Joseph (1966). 'Markheim: a Drama of Moral Psychology'. Nineteenth Century Fiction 20.iv (March 1966), 377-386.

Eigner, E. (1966). Robert Louis Stevenson and the Romantic Tradition. Princeton UP.

[‘still one of the best studies of the Scottish author’s writings’; does not identify a shift from romanticism to realism (cf. Kiele) (Niederhoff (2005: 320, 322)]

Miyoshi, Masso (1966). 'Dr. Jekyll and the Emergence of Mr. Hyde.' College English 27, 470-474, 479-480.


Egan, Joseph J. (1968). ‘From History to Myth: A Symbolic reading of The Master of Ballantrae.’ SEL: Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 8 (1968): 699–710.

Watson, Harold F. (1969). Coasts of Treasure Island: A Study of the Backgrounds and Sources for Robert Louis Stevenson's Romance of the Sea. San Antonio, Tx.: Naylor.



Kirtley, Bacil F. (1971). ‘The Devious Genealogy of the “Bottle Imp” Plot’. Ameican Notes and Queries 9 (Jan. 1971): 67-70.


Binding, P. (1974).  Robert Louis Stevenson. London: OUP.

Cohen, Edward H. (1974). The Henley-Stevenson Quarrel. Gainsville: ***.

Saposnik, Irving S. (1974). Robert Louis Stevenson. New York: Twayne.


‘Dossier Robert Louis Stevenson’. Magazine littéraire 126 (juillet-août 1977) : 11-27.

[Chronologie ; textes de Jacques Goimard, Serge Gozlan, Francis Lacassin, Robert Louit et de Robert Louis Stevenson]

Lacassin, Francis (1977). ‘L’art de voyager avec ou sans âne’. Magazine littéraire 126 (juillet-août 1977) : 13-15.


Greenacre, Phyllis (1978). 'Notes on Plagiarism: The Henley-Stevenson Quarrel'. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 26: 507-539.

Tinter, Adeline R. (1978). ‘James writes a boys’ story: “The Pupil” and R.L. Stevenson’s Adventure Books.’ Essays in Literature 5: 61-73.


Fowler, Alistair (1979). ‘Parables of Adventure: The Debatable Novels of Robert Louis Stevenson’. In Ian Campbell (ed.). Nineteenth-Century Scottish Fiction: Critical Essays. Manchester: Carcanet New Press.

Swearingen, Roger (1979). ‘“Essays on the Enjoyment of the World’: The Place of Travels with a Donkey in Stevenson’s Work and Literary Career’. Cahiers d’Etudes et de recherches victoriens et edouardiens 8 (Apr 1979): 25-38.
[I. Why TWAD continues to appeal: (i) revelation (often indirect) of the writer's personality as a tolerant and an active and curious observer; (ii) the feeling conveyed of vividly re-experiencing the journey (by 'narrating' mixed sense impressions; by impressionistic visual descriptions mixed with reflections; by scenes of continual motion). The 'intellectual activity' of S's prose (noted by Paget) creates both a pleasurable mental activity for the reader, and the impression if an alert, observant narrator.
II. The place of TWAD in S's development: S saw the writer's 'outlook' as central; his own of 'genial skepticism' and view of the world as one to be enjoyed is seen in TWAD, 'Providence and the Guitar' and essays (and the essays of 'personal narrative', i.e. travel essays, find their culmination in TWAD). The techniques of impressionistic sense sequences etc., developed in these works, are then found in the fiction of the 1880s.]


Calder, Jenni (1980). The Robert Louis Stevenson Companion. Edinburgh: Paul Harris Publishing
[collection of 8 essays concerning the life and work of Robert Louis Stevenson, by Calder, Gosse, Barrie etc.]

Swearingen, Roger G. (1980). The Prose Writings of Robert Louis Stevenson: A Guide. Hamden, CT/London: Shoe String (Archon)/Macmillan.



Calder, Jenni (ed.) (1981). Stevenson and Victorian Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP.

Furnas, J.C. (1981). ‘Stevenson and Exile.’ In Stevenson and Victorian Scotland ed. Jenni Calder. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 126-141.

Gifford, Douglas (1981). ‘Stevenson and Scottish Fiction: The Importance of The Master of Ballantrae.’ In Jenni Calder (ed) Stevenson and Victorian Scotland. Edinburgh: EUP, 1981. 62-87.

King, Stephen (1981). ‘Tales of the Tarot’. In Danse Macabre, Everest House.
[In this book on horror and suspense films, television and fiction from 1950-80, King discusses four archetypes of horror (‘tarot cards’) which can be seen in all modern horror narratives: the Vampire (from Dracula), the Beast Within (Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde) the Creature Without a Name (Frankenstein), and, to a lesser extent, the Ghost or the Bad Place (The Turn of the Screw).
This essay seems to be different from King’s Introduction to Frankenstein; Dracula; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Signet, 1978), where the term ‘tarot card’ is not used, and ‘The Turn of the Screw’ is not mentioned but Frankenstein, JH and Dracula are presented as archetypal modern horror stories.]

Maixner, Paul (ed.) (1981). Robert Louis Stevenson: the Critical Heritage. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.


Carpenter, Kevin (1982). ‘R. L. Stevenson on the Treasure Island Illustrations’. Notes and Queries 29iv (Aug. 1982): 322-325.

Tadié, Jean-Yves (1982). ‘Robert Louis Stevenson’. In Le roman d’aventures, Paris, P.U.F.(Collection Ecriture), pp. 113-148.


Geduld, Harry M. (1983). The Definitive “Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde” Companion. New York/London: Garland

Blackburn, William (1983). 'Mirror in the Sea: Treasure Island and the INternationalization of Juvenile Romance'. Children's Literature Association Quarterly 8.iii: 7-12.

Graham, Kenneth (1978). ‘Stevenson and Henry James: A Crossing’. In Noble (1978): 23-46.

Noble, Andew (ed) (1983). Robert Louis Stevenson. London/Totowa, NJ: Vision Press/Barnes & Noble.
[collection of essays]

Mills, Carol (1983). ‘The Master of Ballantrae: An Experiment with Genre.’ In Andrew Noble (ed) Robert Louis Stevenson. London: Vision, 1983. Pp. 118–133.

Mochi, Giovanna (1983). ‘Stevenson e il “testo semplice” dell'avventura’. Paragone 34 (400): 9-43.

Wilson, James (1983). ‘Landscape with Figures’. Andrew Noble (ed) (1983). Robert Louis Stevenson. London/Totowa, NJ : Vision Press/Barnes & Noble.


Block, Ed (1984). 'Evolutionist Psychology and Aesthetics, The Cornhill Magazine, 1875-1880. Journal of the History of Ideas 45.iii: 465-75.
[Comments on Sully's articles on psychological and aesthetic matters in The Cornhill and his possible influence on RLS's ideas (i) concerning the artistic process and its relation to childhood attitudes and dreaming in 'Child's Play', 'A Chapter on Dreams', and (ii) concerning inherited memory as the explanation of everyday pleasures in 'Talk and Talkers II', 'A Gossip on Romance', 'Pastoral', 'The Manse'; the article also looks at psychological themes in RLS's fiction.]

Hammond, J.R. (1984). The Robert Louis Stevenson Companion. New York: Macmillan.


Gannon, Susan R.(1985). ‘Repetition and Meaning In Stevenson’s David Balfour Novels’.  Studies in the Literary Imagination 18.ii: 21-34.

Gannon, Susan R. (1985). 'Tobert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island: The Ideal Fable'. In Perry Nodelman (ed.). Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children's Literature, vol. I. West Lafayette, IN: Children’s Literature Association. 242-52.

Naugrette, Jean-Pierre (1985). ‘Les aventures du roman: en dérivant de Ballantrae’. Critique 39 (No. 432): 365-378.


Fisher, Margery (1986). The Bright Face of Danger. London: Hodder.

[Explores the likenesses and differences between adventure stories written and published for adults and those written and published for children; pp. 390-403 ‘Treasure Island’.]

Hildenbrock, Aglaja (1986). Das andere ich. Künstlicher Mensch und Doppelgänger in der deutsch- und engliscsprachigen Literatur. Tübingen: Stauffenberg Verlag.


Charlot, John (1987). ‘The Influence of Polynesian Thought and Literature on Robert Louis Stevenson’. Journal of Intercultural Studies 14: 82-106.
[A very careful study that explores the influence beyond S’s treatment of South Seas subjects to works like the fable ‘Song of the Morrow’. Pdf copy]

Hillier, Robert I. (1987). ‘Folklore and Oral Tradition in Stevenson’s South Seas Narrative Poemsand Short Stories’. Scottish Literary Journal 14.ii : 32.47.

Katz, Wendy (1987). '"Mark, Printed on the Opposing Page": Robert Louis Stevenson's Moral Emblems'. Emblematica 2.ii (Fall 1987): 337-54.
[S's 'Moral Emblems' and the late-19C tradition of mock cautionary tales and nonsense poetry, undermining the authority of the adult world and the conventions of diactic literature. S is concerned with 'moral significance', but his rhetorical strategies are duality, paradox and ambiguity. S refuses to be too serious, refusing conventionality, and reminds the reader of human weaknesses.]

Labarrere, André (1987). 'Onamastique, structure et dedoublement dans le cas etrange du Docteur Jekyll et de Mister Hyde'. In Claude Faisant, ed. Hommage a Claude Digeon (Paris: Belles Lettres).

Murray, Isobel (1987). 'Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Oscar Wilde'. Durham University Journal 79 (June 1987): 311-19.
[Wilde admired S and JH provided him with elements to interact with (no doubt he disliked the realism and the moral judgment). In 'The Fisherman and His Soul', to the temptation of curiosity (also present in JH) is added the temptation of love and beauty; the Fisherman’s Soul's order to 'smite the child' sounds like H's trampling on the girl. The relations between JH and Dorian Gray are closer: set in the city with a contrast between the wealthy and dingy parts, both involve the changing relationship of the protagonist and three male friends; both J and DG are increasingly confined (from increasing anxiety for J, from increasing addiction to looking at his portrait for DG); in both, a 'good' character (Lanyon, Basil and Alan Campbell), driven by curiosity, seeks the truth about the protagonist, refuses the chance to desist and is changed by the revelation. J’s cry 'I have had a lesson--O God, Utterson, what a lesson I have had!', followed by the comment ‘And he covered his face for a moment with his hands’ is echoed by Dorian’s ‘Good God, Dorian, what a lesson! What an awful lesson!’, preceded by ‘Then he [...] buried his face in his hands’. ‘The Last Night’ and the ending of DG are similar: frightened servants, breaking into the locked room and discovery of the ugly corpse. The memorable focus of J on the hand of Hyde is echoed by DG liking to place his white hand alongside the increasingly ugly hands of the portrait. ]

Naugrette, Jean-Pierre (1987). Robert Louis Stevenson: l’aventure et son double. Paris: Off Shore/Presses de l’Ecole Normale Supérieur.

Rather, L. J. (1987). ‘Mr. Hyde and the “Damned Juggernaut” ’. Synthesis. Bulletin du Comité national de littérature comparée de la République socialiste de Roumanie (Bukarest) 14 : 49-54.


Ormond, Leonee (1988). ‘Cayenne and Cream Tarts: W.M. Thackeray and Robert Louis Stevenson’. Pp. 178-196 in Caracciolo, Peter L. (ed.) (1988). The Arabian Nights in English Literature. Macmillan.

Gelder, Kenneth (1988). 'R.L. Stevenson's Scottish Christmas Story, "The Misadventures of John Nicholson", The Free Church, and the Prodigal Son'. Studies in Scottish Literature 23.1: 122-35. Available online

Veeder, William & Gordon Hirsch (eds) (1988). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde after One Hundred Years. Chicago: U Chicago P.
Review: D. H. Stewart  (1988). South Central Review 5.iv (Winter 1988): pp. 85-87.


Albertazzi, Silvia (1989). ‘Stevenson e il suo pubblico: pretesto per una divagazione sul lettore pre- e post-moderno’ [Stevenson and his public: pretext for a digression on the pre- and post-modern reader].Problemi 84: 4-14. Repr. in Schulz-Buschhaus, Ulrich (ed.) (1991). Scrittore e Lettore nella Società di Massa. Sociologia della letterature e Ricezione. Trieste: Lint. 235-246.

[Stevenson has two ideal readers: the child and the fellow-artist. Stevenson looks forward to a future postmodern reader, for example in the Preface to The Master of Ballantrae and in the text itself, Mackellar is what Adso is for Umberto Eco. Another postmodern characteristic of Stevenson is his awareness of the interdependence of texts on texts (e.g. ‘My First Book’). The child reader is the best accomplice for any writer: ready to be completely involved in the story; yet only an educated person can appreciate all the allusions. Both these readers are non-reverent, non-passive. Both are also re-read the same book.]

Hillier, Robert I. (1989). The South Seas Fiction of Robert Louis Stevenson. New York : Peter Lang.


Loxley, Diana (1990). Problematic Shores: The Literature of Islands. New York: St. Martin's.
[discusses Treasure Island]